Um uns den Einstieg etwas zu vereinfachen, bietet uns das Spiel zwei Spielvarianten an, die Einsteigervariante Spinning Jenny und die Vollversion Waterframe. Das reicht zum Kennenlernen der grundlegenden Mechanismen aus und erleichtert den Eintritt in die Vollversion erheblich. Eine 4-Spieler-Runde, die das Spiel zum ersten Mal in der Vollversion spielt, tendiert eher zu 4 Stunden, was mir dann doch zu lang ist.
Mit drei Spielern und schon zweimal gespielt kommt man schon eher auf die - Minuten, was immer noch lang, aber o. Die Verkaufspreise sind so viel besser, dass man viel schneller zu Geld kommt als die Mitspieler. In einer Partie ist es gelungen, bereits in der vierten Runde alle Aktien aufgekauft zu haben. Dieser Aktienvorsprung reichte am Ende des Spiels dann deutlich, um den etwas schlechteren Schlusskurs auszugleichen, da die Aktien weiter hinten auf der Leiste ja auch nur noch langsamer im Wert steigen. Leserwertung Arkwright: 4. Startseite Rezensionen Mitspielen Spieler: Wer ist wer? Spiele-News Reportagen Logbuch.
Dieser Artikel wurde mal aufgerufen. Fazit 35 Seiten Spielregeln, ca. Rezension Michael Timpe. Lupenreines Wirtschaftsspiel!! Bewertung abgeben. In this dialogue, Franz and Greta are familiarizing each other with their sports activities. Es ist Viertel vor drei. Machst du Sport, Greta? Nein, ich bin faul. Ich gehe jetzt nach Hause. Bis dann. Unfortunately, there are more endings in German.
The following two tables show the endings for the two regular verbs spielen to play and machen to do; to make :. In fact, they are the same for all regular verbs. Thus, you can always just remove the -en from the infinitive of a regular German verb to form the stem e. What are you doing? Ich spiele Basketball. I'm playing basketball. Do you play soccer? Ich mache Hausaufgaben. I'm doing homework. Er macht Hausaufgaben. He's doing homework.
Do you play sports? Note that in English one plays sport, while in German one does sport. You can also use the question words from Lesson 3 to form more combinations: Warum spielst du Baseball? Why do you play baseball? Wann machst du die Hausaufgaben? To say "not", use "nicht".
Who doesn't play soccer? Wir spielen nicht Tennis. We don't play tennis. Compound Sentences Vocabulary: Conjunctions Verbindungen English German and but or und aber oder Both German and English have compound sentences; the applications of these are enormous. They can be used in lists and also in compound sentences.
For example, Ich spiele Basketball und er spielt auch Basketball. I play basketball, and he also plays basketball. The new word, also auch is very important. The one grammar rule about auch is that it always comes after the verb. To conjugate them, you first remove the -en from the infinitive to form the stem i. Here is an example: verb infinitive first step stem conjugated form schauen schau- ich schaue Arbeiten is an irregular verb; however, it has a simple change.
Whenever the ending starts with a consonant, an -e- is added before it. For example, du arbeitest not du arbeitst. Lesen is also an irregular verb. For the second and third person singular the form is liest, i. Sehen is the last irregular verb. The simple rule is: these constructions don't exist in German. Thus, you should translate I am playing to ich spiele.
Similarly, I do play is also translated to ich spiele. Anything else ich mache spielen or ich bin spielen is either not possible in German or has a different meaning. The phrase I do not play should be translated to ich spiele nicht literally: I play not since nicht not comes usually after the verb. This may sound like Early Modern English in a play by Shakespeare, and this is no coincidence since German and English are both West Germanic languages. I like to play. What do you like to play? I like to play soccer. In German, there are several ways to express likes and dislikes; this is just one of them.
You can also add other verbs for other activities, e. Ich lese gern. Ich arbeite gern. Ich schaue gern Fernsehen. To express preference, you can use lieber instead of gern. For example, I prefer to play basketball. Ich spiele lieber Basketball. Ich lese lieber. To express favorite activities, you can use am liebsten meaning most of all instead of lieber or gern. For example, Most of all, I like to play chess.
Ich spiele am liebsten Schach. To express dislikes, you can use nicht gern instead of gern, for example I don't like to swim. Ich schwimme nicht gern. Ich arbeite nicht gern. Even if you are "just" a tourist, you often cannot avoid numbers. Learning numbers can be a bit of a pain; thus, here is some advice: whenever you have time, count something in German; e. Notice the pattern: -teen translates to -zehn, and -ty to -zig.
There is one big problem with the numbers: in German the unit position comes before the tens and is connected by und and. One exception is eins which becomes ein- in 21, 31, 41, etc. German is not the only language with this "reverse" order of numbers: Danish another Germanic language and Arabic do it the same way.
The test will have four parts to it: Grammar 79 points , Translating 95 points , Reading Comprehension 20 points , Vocabulary 20 points , and Previous Topics 10 points in that order. The Grammar section will test your ability to know the verbs from this lesson and it's various versions, to know articles - the genders of them and the correct usage of them, and correct word order. The Translating section is worth the most points, and it too has three sections.
You must know the translations for sentences and phrases going from English to German, and be able to take a German dialogue and translate it back into English. Also you must know the translation from Numbers to German. The third section, Reading Comprehension, is Comprehension Questions you must know how to read the conversion and after reading you will be asked question on the previous conversion.
The fourth section is a vocabulary section. You get 20 English words on the left and 20 German words on the right, and be asked to match them. To study for that, check out the flashcards related to this lesson at FlashcardExchange. The last section, Previous Topics, is a quick review on Lesson 1 to get ready for this section, just look at some past notes or go to Lesson 1 and study. That is the whole test. Take it! Ich habe Hunger! Ich bin hungrig. Ich auch.
Hast du jetzt keinen Hunger? Was bekommst du? Warum das? Du sollst eine Bratwurst nehmen. Nein, ich bin zufrieden. Ach so, dann ist das genug. Wir gehen! Vocabulary: Food die Nahrungsmittel pl. Three are used often. The first, Nominative Case, you learned in Lesson 1. It covers the subject, and the predicate noun in "He is noun. The second, the Accusative Case, you will learn now. It covers the direct object and the object of several prepositions. The third, the Dative Case will be taught later on. It covers the indirect object and the object of many other prepositions.
The object of a sentence will be in accusative case. In, "You hurt me. However related words, such as possessives and the kein- words that you will learn later this lesson, will end in eine for plurals. In the articles, the memory hook for accusative case is "Der goes to den pronounced "dane" and the rest stays the same. Therefore above, der Hamburger goes to den Hamburger and ein Hamburger goes to einen Hamburger when the hamburger is the direct object, such as in "Er hat einen Hamburger. This topic is one of the hardest for English speakers to grasp.
Here are some solutions: To find out the case of something, first find the verb. The verb rules the sentence. Everything revolves around it. Next you find the subject of the sentence. The subject is always in the Nominative Case, so it takes on the der, die, das, die, or ein, eine, ein. Now you look back at the verb. If it is a being verb am, are, is, etc. An easy way to figure this out is to write an equation. If it can't be replaced by an equals sign, refer to the next paragraph. The predicate noun is also always in the Nominative Case, so the same rules apply to it.
Ich bin ein Junge. Sie ist eine Frau. If the verb of the sentence is an action verb playing, throwing, making, eating , find what the subject is doing the verb to. For example, if the verb is "makes" macht , you look for what is being made. That is the direct object.
The direct object is always in the Accusative Case, so it takes on the den, die, das, die, or einen, eine, ein. Sie haben den Cheeseburger. Habt ihr einen Salat? The indefinite articles, when you just look at their endings, select e, -, e for nominative case, and en, e, -, e for accusative.
Remember, between nominative and accusative, the only third-person change is in the masculine form. This is also true in English, as the articles a, an, the do not change ever, but I goes to me, we goes to us, etc. Not everything is the same, though. While me is mich and us is uns, the second and third persons undergo different changes. In third person, as in the articles, the only change is in masculine singular.
Following the "der goes to den" rule, er goes to ihn when in the accusative case.
Mensch ärgere Dich nicht
The second person in English never changes. In German, du goes to dich and ihr goes to euch. Sie, the formal version of either, stays the same. Remember, Sie 2nd person formal and sie 3rd person plural only differ in their meanings and the fact that the former is capitalized and the latter is not. This stays true throughout German grammar. Here is a tabular representation of the above.
If you already know all about antecedents in English, skip the first paragraph. When using a pronoun, you have to know what it is for it to work. There are some rare exceptions, such as in mysteries or drama, but otherwise this is always true. Sometimes in dialogue this is taken care of by pointing or making some other gesture, but most of the time, the pronoun modifies something already mentioned.
Das sorgsame Hausmütterchen neues Spiel J.A. John A.-G.
In German this is very useful. You can't simply say 'it' anymore. Many food words are masculine and feminine, and when you turn them into pronouns, they turn into 'he', 'she', 'him', and 'her', not always 'it'. For example, the sentence "The cheeseburger tastes good. It's very crunchy. He's very crunchy. Why is it "he"? This is where the antecedent comes in.
Because there are foods that are masculine and feminine in German, you can't assume the 'es'. You have to look back at the previous sentence, at the antecedent, der Cheeseburger. Essen is irregular that's what the "I" means. Do you remember from the last lesson 'lesen' and 'sehen'?
Well essen experiences the same change, except that it changes to 'i', not 'ie'. Also, it acts the same as 'lesen' in the du-form: You don't have three s's in a row. The minute difference happens to be in the way you pronounce the s. When you mean eats it is sometimes an overstressed hissing i. In normal life Germans, too, can only tell which verb is meant from knowing the context. The last two verbs marked M are modals. They will be discussed in the next section. Instead, they have modals, words that basically do the same thing. Modals are conjugated very differently from normal verbs.
Most modals experience a vowel change from singular to plural, and the rest is the same. However, will can also mean an intent or a document showing what one wants to happen. So it is not so different from 'to want' as possibly originally presumed. Modals with other verbs This is very important. When you need to use another verb with a modal such as expressing you would like or want to perform an action , the sentence's word order is somewhat different than it would be in English.
In English, you would state the subject pronoun such as "I" , an English equivalent to the modal verb such as "want" , the action you want to perform such as "to eat" and then what the action will be performed on such as "hamburger" , making the sentence "I want to eat a hamburger. Here are the German translations of the corresponding nouns: Hunger - der Hunger Thirst - der Durst Like in English, these two words do not have a plural form.
When using them, you don't need to worry about the 'der'; you can just say, "Ich habe Hunger" to say "I am hungry" and "Ich habe keinen Hunger" for "I am not hungry. There are, however, a few words that are 'survival words' in Germany, specifically: Danke - Thank you, Thanks Bitte - Please and You're welcome.
Bitte sehr! Gern geschehen! Now that lesson applies. The kein-words have the same endings as the ein-words, and they mean the opposite: no, not any, none. For example, "kein Cheeseburger" means "no cheeseburger". Notice the 'e' at the end of 'keine'. Much like in English-speaking countries, you would more likely use the name of the restaurant than name what kind of restaurant. If you want to address the wish to eat a certain food, there are two ways: example: "wanting to eat chinese food" 1.
There are few American restaurants, in Germany and they are mostly referred to as " American Diner", so it is not used like "zum Italiener". Accusative case prepositions You read at the beginning of this lesson that the Accusative Case covers the direct object and the objects of some prepositions. Up until this point, you have only worried about the Accusative Case in third person.
Here's an example: "The cheeseburger is for me. You can do this with 'gut' and 'schlecht' from Lesson 1 to say: Der Cheeseburger schmeckt gut - The cheeseburger tastes good Der Cheeseburger schmeckt schlecht - The cheeseburger tastes bad But this is bland. Hopefully the food has more flavor than the description of it. Schmecken is a regular verb. No one is going to say, "You guys taste salty" or "I taste creamy. You can use 'schmeckt' and 'schmecken' or 'ist' and 'sind' to state how the food tastes.
Just use whichever one you would use in English and it'll usually be correct. Although the English meaning of schmecken is simply to taste, "Schmeckt der Cheeseburger? In other words, schmecken alone can mean to taste good. You could be talking about a cheeseburger that is not directly in front of you. It just isn't clear. Now, if you said, "This cheeseburger tastes good.
It changes forms in different situations: different genders and different cases. It can also mean 'these' when modifying a plural. Here are its forms: Masculine Feminine Neuter Plural Nominative Case dieser diese dieses diese Accusative Case diesen diese dieses diese As you can see, dieser is only appropriate for modifying masculine nouns in nominative case. But 'Cheeseburger', which is masculine, is the subject of the sentence, "Dieser Cheeseburger schmeckt gut. Jeder Jeder means 'every'. It acts exactly like 'dieser' in its endings, so it should be easy to remember.
Here are the different forms: Masculine Feminine Neuter Nominative Case jeder jede jedes Accusative Case jeden jede jedes Notice the absence of the plural form. When you think about this, it's the same in English: no one says 'every books'. Welcher 'Welcher' is the third of this threesome of adjectives. However, because the general subject has to be specified, welcher must be inflected before use: "Welcher Hamburger ist seine?
Masculine Feminine Neuter Plural Nominative Case welcher welche welches welche Accusative Case welchen welche welches welche Connection with Time You might want to say 'every day', 'this week', 'every morning', or 'which Tuesday night? But to do this, not only do you need to know the jeder-forms, but also the genders of the times and the cases.
The second one is easy: Whenever you do something at a certain time, that time is put into Accusative Case. Last lesson, you learned the gender of one time: der Tag. So now you know everything to say 'diesen Tag', 'jeden Tag', and 'welchen Tag? Here are the cases of all the times in Lesson 2: Masculine Feminine Neuter. Likewise, you can say 'every June' the same as 'every month': 'jeden Juni'. Der schmeckt sehr gut.
Ich esse jeden Tag Cheeseburger. Die habe ich gern. Look at the second sentence of each of these German dialogues. What's missing? That's right, instead of "Der Cheeseburger schmeckt sehr gut. We're left with just the articles, only in this case, they aren't articles. They're demonstrative pronouns. Demonstrative pronouns aren't scary. They're just the same as the normal pronouns, only they give more oomph to the sentence. They can be translated as either 'this' or 'that' "I'd like a cheeseburger.
That tastes very good. These I like. Demonstrative pronouns are exactly the same as the definite articles well, there is one change in dative, but that will be covered in Lesson 7. If you are not sure of the gender meaning in context, the speaker doesn't know, not that you've forgotten that it's 'der Cheeseburger' , use 'das', like in "Was ist das? If you say "Ich habe vier Euros. Because the backsides of euro coins look different in each country, many people in Europe have started collecting foreign euro coins. In this case you can say "Ich habe irische Euros. There is not yet a rule whether or not the word "Cent" has a different plural form.
The majority of Germans are using the word "Cent" as a plural form, but when they don't it is simply "Cents". In German "euro" is pronounced [ oi-ro], not [you-ro]. For "Cent" there are two pronunciations: you can either pronounce it as in English or you say "tzent". The latter version seems to be preferred by older people. When at a restaurant, you will want to pay at the end. You can use this vocabulary to help you.
You can also say, " Herr Ober , die Rechnung bitte! The term "der Ober" is the waiter, but this sounds very old fashioned and is hardly ever. To address the waiter you would probably say "Entschuldigen Sie, A: Lessons I. Herr Frau Vocabulary: How are you? Teil missing file:, how to upload audio English German Good morning.
Sie You are Are you? You're welcome. Their names are Our names are Your name is Your names are What are your names? Die Nummer lautet In fact, almost all words with the ending -chen are neuter. Teil Hello and Goodbyes Can you remember the most common phrases for hellos and goodbyes in German? Review Mr. How do you say Mr. Review Replies to Wie geht's? Do you remember how to reply to this question? Teil Sie and du Do you remember when to use Sie and when to use du?
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Review Subject Pronouns Do you remember what a subject pronoun is? Do you remember the German subject pronouns? Review Names Do you remember how to tell your or someone else's name? Review Forming Questions Do you remember the word order in questions and the most common question words? Review Level I Lessons discussion I. In every Lesson from there is going to be a featured German-Speaking city, which be the theme of the lesson. For it is Berlin. Also in each lesson there will be facts, so if you ever travel to a German-Speaking country it'll be like you are a native! That means that they are 6 hours ahead of E.
If it's pm in New York City, it's pm or locally. Please note that Germany changes to and from daylight-saving time a few weeks before the U. Not to give a tip will probably give the waiter the impression that either service or product were not that good and you are too polite to admit this, but not tipping is not considered 'rude'.
If you tip you usually round up, up to 50 Cents for coffee or up to the next 5 euros for lunch, e. Also, tipping is only expected when you get served, i. Only when having a large party, like celebrating your birthday in a restaurant, you do extra tipping. In many restaurants it is normal the tip is shared with the kitchen personnel.
Paying with credit card or debit card makes tipping difficult, because there is no line on the bill to fill in the tip. Always tip when paying, don't leave money on the table. Shopping Locations There are two major shopping locations. It continues eastwards for about three hundred yards where you can visit KaDeWe, the biggest department store in Europe.
Shops are generally open 9am-8pm Monday through Saturday. In the outskirts most shops close at 4pm on Saturdays. Gut, danke! Ja, gerne. Ich hole vorher noch Geld. Wohin gehen wir zuerst? Lass uns zu dieser Boutique gehen. Darf ich Ihnen helfen? Wo ist die Umkleidekabine? Shopping There is a lot to say about shopping, places to shop at, money and items to buy. In this lesson we will cover most of it. There are two big shopping locations in Berlin. SSV die Videothek der Winterschlussverkauf abbr.
Can you help me find my size for this? Where is the dressing room? It has six floors, and Is also called "The department store of the west" Kaufhaus des Westens because it is the largest and most magnificent department store on continental Europe. Does the cell phone have a digital camera? If you look at the word order of this sentence, you will see that you've already learned everything you need to make these sentences, and you, yourself can customize these sentences if you want.
Does the pillow case fit the pillow? And with that question there are other variations of it you can ask, like Passt die Decke auf das Bett? Does the blanket fit the bed? Currently 1 EUR is 1. Was macht das? Was kostet das? Das Hemd kostet Euro. The shirt costs euros. Das kostet Euro. That costs euros all together. Even though in the vocabulary we list the 1, 2, 5, 10, Euro there are more Euro notes. The twenty, fifty, two hundred, and five hundred Euro notes are the ones we didn't list, also there are cent coins.
Thus 5,49 or 5,49 means five euros and fourty-nine cents. When a price ends in a round number of euros, it is most commonly written as 5,- etc. The reverse is also true. Where as English uses a comma to split up large numbers, German uses a dot. S Medium mittel abbr. I like it! Now if you try something on or you're looking for a soft shirt with a tight fit, you find it, feel it, try it on, but it's fairly expensive you might say this In English: The shirt looks great!
The shirt feels soft, fits tight. The shirt is very comfortable. How much does it cost? Oh no! The shirt is expensive! In German: Das Hemd sieht prima aus! Das Hemd ist sehr bequem. Wieviel kostet es? Oh nein! Das Hemd ist teuer! The phrases to describe the shirt were The shirt looks great. Das Hemd sieht prima aus. The shirt feels soft. The shirt fits tight. Das Hemd sitzt eng. Now, the bold words are verbs that are one part in describing how the shirt is. The other half of describing it is the adjectives like soft, tight, great, etc. And as you can see the verb "looks" is separable, but we will get into that later.
Clothing-Related Verbs And now getting into verbs - here are some of the verbs, and also some of these are Separable-Prefix Verbs, like aussehen, anprobieren, and anhaben. But we will study those in more detail later. Also we will be learning about "tragen". That is, when used next to the subject pronoun, the prefix is separated from the verb and put at the end of the sentence or clause.
Or, better put, In the present tense and imperative, the prefix is separated from the infinitive stem. Examples: "Ich habe einen Mantel an. Examples: "Du willst einen Mantel anhaben. The sentences from above would then be: "Ich trage einen Mantel. So if someone says "Ich trage Schuhe" only the context will tell you whether the person is carrying the shoes in his hands or actually wearing them. Tragen is a different kind of irregular verb -- one that not only changes at the end of the word, but also changes internally.
Other verbs with similar conjugation patterns include fahren, graben, schaffen, and waschen. Read the following paragraph, try to find the words described to have a color. Wir fahren in den Schwarzwald. Die Reise war lang. If you found 5 words you are right. Schwarz which means black the Schwarzwald Black Forest is a wooded mountain range. Brauner ipod which is a brown ipod. Blauer Himmel which is blue sky. And now for the actual colors There are many banks of all kinds throughout the country. Banks are open Mon-Fri 9ampm or pm. On Thursdays, they are open until or 6pm.
Changing money is best done at a bank because their rates will be better than exchange services located at Bureau de Change. Major post office branches and travel agents also offer currency exchange. Germany is one of 15 European countries that have replaced their national currencies with the Euro, which is much stronger to the U. Dollar, but weaker than the British Pound. Wie geht es euch? Mir geht's gut. Hast du uns etwas mitgebracht? Nun sei nicht so aufgeregt Marie, lass Oma und Opa erst einmal hereinkommen. Thomas nimmt mir immer meine Puppe weg. Du sollst deiner Schwester nicht ihre Puppe wegnehmen.
Nein, das ist meine Puppe. Gut, hier hast du die Puppe People The Family Home is where the heart is, they say. And what is in the home? It'll give all vocabulary for the family, and later in a different section, you'll learn how to describe your brothers and sisters or any person! And now to get started lets do some vocabulary Maybe you notice some of these in the dialogue. Now you might be asking "How am I going to speak fluent German, if I just learn phrases? Okay let's get started on these common phrases You have grown up so much usual sentence used by Opa und Oma Hast du uns etwas mitgebracht?
Have you brought something for us? Nun sei nicht so aufgeregt. Now don't be so excited.
German From Wikibooks - PDF
Komm rein. Come in. Sie Wurden schon ausgepackt. They Have already been opened. To thank for something. Using Formal and Informal Pronouns in the Family Some very conservative families might still use Sie with grandparents or even parents! This is sometimes practiced in families of nobility or exterritorial cultural islands in which older German customs have survived.
However, using "Sie" feels very outdated to the vast majority of people. In practically every family all members use du with each other. Describing People I can't describe in words how important this section of the lesson is. Even though you have already learned to describe to some degree, here we will introduce a new aspect of describing, and we will review. But how could we describe if we didn't have vocabulary? Here it is Some examples are: He is wet, This is stupid, I am lazy.
But you do use other verbs like feel, look, etc. This lesson we will be sticking mostly with the verbs we've learned in the past. We will, however, learn one new verb. All sentences we will create will be in the nominative case. Okay, let's get started! In term of beauty, you can say four basic things. These aren't the all but these are the easiest and simplest ones.
She is beautiful. He is ugly. These two use the verb to be, and the next one will use the verb to look which would need something else in order to make sense. She looks beautiful, but that shirt is ugly. He looks ugly, but he looked handsome yesterday. And in the last sentence it says "ausgesehen. So since you get the idea of describing, let's learn a new verb! And the new verb is klingen which is to sound. As in "He sounds weird. It's works just like other verbs. He sounds nice. Er klingt nett. They sound funny. Sie klingen komisch.
Exactly like in English. For right now, that's all for describing things. We are going to have some small describing lessons with some parts of this lesson. Related Verbs Okay we just went over the verb in the previous section. This will basically be a list that will help you memorize them better, and there is not a lot. The "Er sieht aus" is to show you it is a separable-prefix verb. There are many nationalities, too many to go over in this lesson, but you will learn more nationality as this level and book goes on.
Right now we are just going to have a vague little list, and as this section goes on there will be more. Finally, gentlemen, get ready to have your minds blown Some Nationalities This is the small list, make sure you memorize this list and the next one. However you can just use it for what it is, a nationality. If you do describe people by nationality this will help. Okay, you should already know how to describe, right?
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This part we will get more in to detail later, but right it is an important part of describing people with nationality, even though in English we most times don't do this, in German they do. The difference between nationality and language, like in English, French and French. This also is how it works for nationality describing by noun or adjective, which we are going to learn right now. Noun or Adjective Nationality There are two ways to describe someone.
With a noun-based nationality word or an adjective-based nationality word. But note that in German the noun-based form is used more often. Afrikaner - ; f. And in English, to find out somebody's age we ask "How old are you? In German it is exactly the same. The "alt" kind of belongs to the interrogative adverb, so in both German and English it may be in front of the verb: Wie alt bist du?
How old are you? Now to ask the question with 1st person it is Wie alt bin ich? How old am I? And as response you might get Ich bin Jahre alt. I am years old. Du bist Jahre alt. You are years old. And now the plural version of the 1st person Wie alt sind wir? How old are we? The responses you will get is Wir sind Jahre alt. We are years old. Ihr seid Jahre alt. You all are years old. First, we will learn the biggest question here, "How old are you? Wie alt bist du?
And there is only one response to this it is For the equally important plural 2nd person Wie alt seid ihr? How old are you all? Which the response is And formal question, for both singular and plural is Wie alt sind Sie? You should all ready get the pattern for this, but we are going to keep on doing this list, if you aren't sure of something or you are confused.
So for the 3rd person The responses to this are Er ist Jahre alt. He is years old. Sie ist Jahre alt. She is years old. And now the plural 3rd person of question and response Wie alt sind sie? How old are they? And of course the response Sie sind Jahre alt. They years old.
Now with some people you might be able to guess their age, and you could ask them directly about it. This is usually pretty of rude, but it illustrates nicely how the phrase has to be changed if you ask a yes-no-question, so let's get started, anyway! Bist du Jahre alt? Are you years old?
Sind sie Jahre alt? Note the inversed order between "Wie alt bist du? When 'euer' has to have a different ending the e before r is dropped, so it turns into 'eur-'. School in Germany School is not regulated nationwide, but by each Land German "Kindergarten" is optional - it translates rather to "play school", "Vorschule" being roughly the equivalent to "Kindergarten" From the age of six on, all Germans attend a "Grundschule" elementary school for four or six years, depending on the Land.
After that, they go to either the "Hauptschule" which is industrially oriented, the "Realschule", which is Schooling is obligatory until the age of 16, but the Gymnasium diploma "Abitur" can only be obtained after 12 or 13 years, i. Latin and sometimes even ancient Greek are regularly taught at the Gymnasium. For the "Abitur", at least two foreign languages as well as some calculus and analysis classes have to be taken.
School days often are from Though many students feel some sort of identification with their school, most are just happy when they can go home. Generally speaking, many schools still are more formal than US or Canadian schools. Silke: Hast du die Aufgaben gemacht? Torsten: Ja, im Bus. Silke: Super! Kann ich sie abschreiben? Lehrer Betritt den Raum : Guten Morgen! Klasse: Guten Morgen! Florian geht zur Tafel, schreibt an und liest vor: "5 plus 8 ist gleich 13" "8 minus 5 ist gleich 3" "3 mal 8 ist gleich 24" "24 geteilt durch 12 ist gleich 2" Lehrer: Sehr gut, Florian!