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From there, the position of heir briefly went to Juana's older sister, Isabella of Asturias, but she died in childbirth less than a year later. Her son, Prince Miguel survived to the age of two before passing, leaving Juana as the heir to Castile and Aragon. With the rise in status, Juana became increasingly politically useful and Philip began attempting to assert increasing control over his independent-minded wife. The couple fought openly and Philip had Juana confined to her rooms for a time.

In retaliation, Juana would often employ a method that she had utilized throughout her life, refusing to eat or sleep as a form of passive protest. It was not until November 26, , when Isabella I died that Juana would take the title of Queen of Castile, but the transition was far from smooth. Both Philip and Juana's father, Ferdinand II wanted to control Castile, but Isabella, in her fear that the people of Castile would not accept a foreign king, had complicated matters for them by stipulating that Philip could only act as consort to Juana, unless she proved unfit to rule, in which case Ferdinand was to take up governance as a regent until Juana's son Charles came of age.

Ferdinand quickly took up a campaign declaring his daughter mentally incompetent and styling himself as the rule of Castile. It was en route to take a stand against his claims in that Juana and Philip would find themselves in England courtesy of storms. Henry's father, Henry VII, supported Philip's control of Castile over Ferdinand, and his power may in part have influenced Ferdinand's agreement to cede Castile in favor of military and monetary support. Philip had planned to exert further control over his wife, rendering her a figurehead for Castile, however his plans were cut short by his own death in According to writers of the period, Juana refused to leave the body's side for months, frequently having Philip's casket reopened to gaze upon and even kiss his corpse.

It is unclear how accurate these accounts were, however, as access to Juana after this time was heavily limited by her father, and later her son Charles, both of whom had a stake in ensuring that Juana was known to be insane. In July of , Juana handed over the regency of Castile to her father.

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Juana herself had never shown any particular inclinations towards governance, but nonetheless there are strong suggestions that the decision to leave the ruling of Castile to Ferdinand was not entirely of Juana's own volition. Regardless of the nature of Ferdinand's regency, Juana most certainly didn't consent to her enforced sequester at his hands. Ferdinand had his daughter ensconced at the royal palace in Tordesillas in along with her youngest daughter, Catherine.

In the seven years she remained functionally jailed there, her father is said to have visited only twice. When Ferdinand died in making Juana Queen of Castille and Aragon, her son Charles took up the role as his mother's jailer, briefly removing the 11 year old Catherine from her care before ultimately returning her when Juana refused to eat.


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Charles forbid anyone from telling his mother of Ferdinand's death and kept her even more isolated than she had been under his father's control. Juana was briefly freed by rebels who wanted her to rule as the rightful Queen of Castile after Charles became Holy Roman Emperor in , but Juana was uncooperative and after almost of year of freedom, was returned to Tordesillas when Charles stamped out the resistance. Juana remained in the palace at Tordesillas for the remaining 30 years of her life, though not much is known about her time there. She died, still held captive, in April of at the age of Though, obviously, it would be impossible to accurately diagnose a mental illness at the remove of several centuries, it does appear that Juana did indeed suffer from some form of psychological disorder.

Scholars throughout the years have cited a variety of possibilities ranging from depression to schizophrenia to a form of bipolar disorder. The theory is supported by Juana's maternal grandmother, Isabella of Portugal, who apparently suffered from her own psychological issues, including paranoia, which could indicate a hereditary factor. Nonetheless, it was to the benefit of the men who controlled her to spread the story of Juana's mental instability and it is possible that some accounts were exaggerated for this purpose.

Regardless, given the number of male rulers in European history that were also of questionable mental fitness, it seems unlikely that any mental health issues Juana may have suffered from would have ended in her imprisonment and removal from power if she had been king instead of queen. Type keyword s to search. Her son and heir-apparent, Charles, later Charles I, was a six-year-old child being raised in his aunt's care in northern European Flanders ; her father, Ferdinand II, remained in Aragon, allowing the crisis to grow. A regency council under Archbishop Cisneros was set up, against the queen's orders, but it was unable to manage the growing public disorder; plague and famine devastated the kingdom with supposedly half the population perishing of one or the other.

The queen was unable to secure the funds required to assist her to protect her power. His arrival coincided with a remission of the plague and famine, a development which quieted the instability and left an impression that his return had restored the health of the kingdom. On 17 August three members of the royal council were summoned - supposedly in her name - and ordered to inform the grandees, of her father Ferdinand II's return to power: "That they should go to receive his highness and serve him as they would her person and more. Nonetheless, she was thereafter queen in name only and all documents, though issued in her name, were signed with Ferdinand's signature, "I the King".

He was named administrator of the kingdom by the Cortes of Castile in , and entrusted the government mainly to Archbishop Cisneros. He had Joanna confined in the Royal Palace in Tordesillas , near Valladolid in Castile, in February after having dismissed all of her faithful servants and having appointed a small retinue accountable to him alone. A group of nobles, led by the Duke of Infantado , attempted to proclaim the Infante Ferdinand as King of Castile but the attempt failed.

Despite her acquiescence to his wishes her confinement would continue. In addition, that same year Charles was elected Holy Roman Emperor. The kingdoms of Castile and Aragon and Navarre remained in personal union until their jurisdictional unification in the early 18th century by the Bourbons while Charles eventually abdicated as Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire in favour of his brother Ferdinand and the personal union with the Spanish kingdoms was dissolved. In , the Revolt of the Comuneros broke out in response to the perceived foreign Habsburg influence over Castile through Charles V.

The rebel leaders demanded that Castile be governed in accordance with the supposed practices of the Catholic Monarchs.

Juana Lobo en El Universo de Lourdes - "Una calle me separa"

In an attempt to legitimise their rebellion, the Comuneros turned to Joanna. As the 'on record' sovereign monarch, had she given written approval to the rebellion, it would have been legalised and would have triumphed. In an attempt to prevent this, Don Antonio de Rojas Manrique , Bishop of Mallorca , led a delegation of royal councillors to Tordesillas , asking Joanna to sign a document denouncing the Comuneros. She demurred, requesting that he present her specific provisions. Before this could be done the Comuneros in turn stormed the virtually undefended city and requested her support.

The request prompted Adrian of Utrecht , the regent appointed by Charles V, to declare that Charles would lose Castile if she granted her support.

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Although she was sympathetic to the Comuneros, she was persuaded by Ochoa de Landa and her confessor Fray John of Avila that supporting the revolt would irreparably damage the country and her son's kingship and she therefore refused to sign a document granting her support. Charles ensured his domination and throne by having his mother confined for the rest of her life in the now demolished Royal Palace in Tordesillas , Castile.

She apparently became convinced that some of the nuns that took care of her wanted to kill her, a fear which was never proved. Reportedly it was difficult for her to eat, sleep, bathe, or change her clothes. Charles wrote to her caretakers: "It seems to me that the best and most suitable thing for you to do is to make sure that no person speaks with Her Majesty, for no good could come from it".

Joanna had her youngest daughter, Catherine of Austria , with her during Ferdinand II's time as regent, — Her older daughter, Eleanor of Austria , had created a semblance of a household within the palace rooms. In her final years, Joanna's physical state began to decline rapidly with mobility ever more difficult. As a young woman, she was known to be highly intelligent. It was only after her marriage that the first suspicions of mental illness arose.

Some historians comment that she may have suffered from melancholia , a depressive disorder , a psychosis , or a case of inherited schizophrenia. The claims of Joanna's "madness" as propagated during her lifetime remain controversial in current scholarship. Coat of arms as consort of Philip the Handsome [18] [19]. Coat of arms as consort and Princess of Asturias and Girona [18] [19]. Coat of arms as Queen of Castile [19] [20]. All Joanna's children except Mary had children. However, only Charles, Isabella, and Ferdinand have descendants today. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

For the movie, see Juana la Loca film. For other uses, see Joanna of Aragon disambiguation. For other uses, see Joanna of Castile disambiguation. This article has multiple issues. Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page. Learn how and when to remove these template messages.

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Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Portrait by Juan de Flandes , c. Capilla Real , Granada , Castile. This section relies largely or entirely upon a single source.


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Relevant discussion may be found on the talk page. Please help improve this article by introducing citations to additional sources. Ancestors of Joanna of Castile Ferdinand I of Aragon [23] John II of Aragon [21] Sancho Alfonso, 1st Count of Alburquerque [29] 9. Eleanor of Alburquerque [23] Beatrice of Portugal [29] 2. Ferdinand II of Aragon Juana de Mendoza es [24] 5. Joanna of Castile Henry III of Castile [25] John II of Castile [22] John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster [31] Catherine of Lancaster [25] Constance of Castile [31] 3.

Isabella I of Castile John I of Portugal [26] John, Constable of Portugal [26] Philippa of Lancaster [26] [a] 7. Isabella of Portugal [22] Afonso I, Duke of Braganza [27] Isabel of Barcelos [27] Beatriz Pereira de Alvim [27].


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London: Longmans, Green, Reader and Dyerm , p. Martin's Griffin.

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Madrid: Rivadeneyra. Turismo de Tordesillas in Spanish. Retrieved 30 October Crown Publishing Group. Retrieved 19 March Cambridge University Press.

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Dictionary of National Biography. Michael; Armistead, Samuel G. Medieval Iberia.