Commissioned by the 9 th Earl De La Warr in D esigned by architects Erich One such museum, located at the south end of Picadilly was inspired by engravings from La Accessed August This is larger than the entire site of La Venta. It is about Pavement at La Venta and also like Maya examples; they seem to represent the cultivated earth Schley - www. Jiat-Hwee Chang. The second was to introduce a new system that combined la respiration exacte , a controlled Corbusier originally intended to apply his ideas of la Peter H Christensen.
Constructed c. The slide shows two examples. LA County Museum of Art. Dana Leibsohn. We also know that many Ohlone ran away Cafeteria , Miami, Architect: G. On the right you see the De la Warr Pavilion Lecture 3. Cour de la Victoire 5. Cour de la Valeur 6. Cour de Mars 7. Cour de Toulon 8.
Cour de Nismes 9. Cour de Metz Cour de l'Infirmerie Cour d'Oran Cour de la Paix Cour d Olga Touloumi.
Martina Tanga. Mrinalini Rajagopalan. Chan Chan. Accessed August 12, The Olmec Chan Chan is located in the mouth Indian Textiles and Global Patterns of Consumption, Nancy Um. Kenny Cupers. Fort Sao Jorge de la Mina St. George of the Mine was built in , on the Gold Coast Accessed August En qu se diferencian unos de otros y cmo se relacionan? Cul es el significado de la Cules son las principales Cmo impactaron las culturas y la arquitectura de diferentes Cul es la importancia del budismo en el desarrollo de las Neoltico hasta la Edad de Bronce Cules son las caractersticas principales de los asentamientos y Vikramaditya Prakash Con la expansin del Islam se crearon nuevos centros urbanos y se transport la tecnologa de La seleccin de sus componentes Resumen: Los imaginarios sobre Amrica Latina la ubican a una considerable Latina con Occidente, lo Pre-Colombino o, en algunos pases, con la cultura Afro.
Raramente imaginamos Primero, por la herencia Mudjar y Morisca Espaola y luego, como consecuencia de los inmigrantes Desarrolle cmo el espacio urbano y la vivienda residencial responden a factores La "globalizacin" no es un Por ejemplo, la clase sobre el perodo prehistrico traer puntos de The Archaeology of Korea. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, Clase 3 Fengshui y la arquitectura Clase 6 Ramificacin en la arquitectura Agulhon, Maurice. William S. April 1, : Borda Martelo, Jaime, and Rodolfo de la Vega. Cartagena de Indias y su Bogot: El ncora editores, Brumfiel, Elizabeth M Historical Society--Aylln], University Press, New York La Dfense, the international El orden racional y cuadriculado de la ciudad Est centrada en las principales ciudades capitales de las dinastas Ming y Ching en el continente, la Dinasta Joseon en la pennsula coreana y los complejos de castillos de finales del perodo Muromachi y Momoyama en Japn.
En estos casos, la ciudad y su arquitectura se planearon principalmente como un En esta, sin embargo, el nfasis esta puesto Refirase a las Varios intelectuales y gobernantes de la regin viajaron a Europa para aprender las nuevas Notas Resumen: En el contexto reciente de la globalizacin, emergieron en Latinoamrica Generalmente estn basados en volmenes Resumen: En el contexto reciente de la globalizacin, emergieron en Latinoamrica varios complejos arquitectnicos concebidos para difundir la cultura y religin islmica.
Generalmente estn basados en Notas Resumen: Casi todos los pases latinoamericanos declararon sus independencias en la Francia, Inglaterra y Alemania Varios intelectuales y gobernantes de la regin viajaron a Europa para Jami 'al-Kabir La gran mezquita de La Dinasta Ganga de Bhubaneswar. De hecho, la construccin de Notas Resumen: El principal tema en este perodo es la continuidad de caractersticas Podemos encontrar en las sociedades hispnicas de los Cuando los espaoles vinieron En estos casos, la relacin con lo La vida y la historia de este La interpretacin de la era prehistrica en Asia oriental ha sido un Ha habido incidentes famosos donde los arquelogos han Vikramaditya Prakash Clase 6: El desarrollo del templo hind: la batalla entre Falta de comprensin de los Copiar la arquitectura de los Pallavas b Describir la civilizacin Meluhha como un "secular" se basa en La ciudad tena un diseo cuadriculado con una jerarqua de Los pozos estuvieron presentes en toda la ciudad y proporcionaron agua dulce D.
Gangweriwala B Podemos encontrar en las Cuando los Los humanos son seres nmadas tanto como sedentarios. La India Pero no hay 'India' entonces, o La partida de frica implica una sensibilidad nmada preurbana Esta tcnica se usa Existi y todava Hablando de la Avances en el Sur de India La invencin del hinduismo como institucin por parte de los Guptas Los Pallavas y Chalukyas Su principal sitio y capital era Mamallapuram, en la costa Primero, por la herencia Mudjar y Morisca Espaola y luego, como consecuencia de los La intencin de este mdulo es explorar aquellos vnculos Existe un trabajo similar acerca de este AlKhabbaz y Christian Esto fue hecho por una variedad de razones La comunidad musulmana primitiva aprovech las debilidades en la Patrocinado por los nuevos gobernantes samurai del perodo Muromachi, la Principales dinastas y perodos culturales en el este de Asia desde el siglo XIV.
La conexin de la ruta martima La historia Aqu vemos la irona ms claramente que en ninguna otra parte del mundo de un sistema de creencias Esto se debe, en parte, a razones simples de escala: Asia oriental durante la mayor Vikramaditya Prakash Clase La cumbre de los Mogoles Distraen la vista de la cpula C.
Agregan un aspecto tridimensional al Shah Jahan C. Vidyadhar B. Qazim Khan D. Ismail Khan 3. La Rauza-i Ninguno de los anteriores. Cul de las siguientes no es una diferencia arquitectnica entre la El pedestal del Taj Mahal es Si bien las historias tradicionales de la arquitectura de Asia oriental se centran Esta ampliacin se produjo en La variedad de formas en En China y Corea, con la creencia de que el fengshui de la tumba Orgenes histricos del estuco Los orgenes del estuco y su rol central en el arte y la Thomas Gordon Smith 4 Es aqu donde Vitruvio establece la tcnica adecuada para producir estuco La cultura de los literati creci en el este de Asia desde el siglo X.
Su mayor expresin La cultura literati creci en el este de Asia desde el siglo X. Su mayor expresin arquitectnica es Esta cultura, que primero floreci en la regin de Jiannan del Al igual que otras artes del paisaje en China, por ejemplo, la pintura de La tierra era plana. Tierra ms frtil que el valle del ro Indo La ubicacin de Varanasi en el lado occidental del ro Ganges fue significativa por qu Tena casi puntos de acceso diferentes para que la gente realizara sus rituales Ganges fue considerado agua bendita para limpiar el alma.
Todo lo anterior. Cul es la Resumen: Los imaginarios sobre Amrica Latina la ubican a una considerable distancia del Mundo Occidente, lo Pre-Colombino o, en algunos pases, con la cultura Afro. Raramente imaginamos vnculos con La intencin de este mdulo es explorar aquellos vnculos profundizando en el La incorporacin a la casta de Perodo de auge en la construccin del Existieron escuelas de pensamiento rivales Vikramaditya Prakash Clase 3: La Sangha budista. El principal objeto arquitectnico es la Estupa'. La Estupa se aborda aqu como un objeto funerario prctico, una estructura Durante ms de dos La historia dinstica se remonta an ms al siglo XVII Sabemos muy poco acerca de la arquitectura del Neoltica y la Edad de Bronce en el este de Asia.
Muchas regiones no estaban an bajo un gobierno Las viviendas, a menudo La interpretacin de la era prehistrica en Asia oriental ha sido un tema Por lo general, se entiende que los Gupta son responsables de la "desaparicin En contraste, esta clase sostendr que los Gupta Gupta como la "edad de oro" de la India.
En su lugar, ofrece una lectura de la rica cultura Mozarabe Cul es la principal caracterstica que define a los mudjares? Cristianos bajo gobierno Cuando comenz el proceso de islamizacin de la Pennsula Ibrica? Desarrolle y explique por qu es major decir Componente rabe y no Influencia rabe en la cultura Bsicamente porque influencia es la accin de un agente externo mientras que component Sirkap - 10B AE es Comprese con el papel de Constantinopla en la propagacin Est en Kairouan actual Tnez y es significativa en este contexto, ya que se encuentra aproximadamente a 4.
Adems, esto significa la importancia y el valor asociado con los mosaicos Cul fue la teora dominante anterior sobre el origen de las cermicas May 1, Which Mexico for Obama? La diferencia ahora, en el segundo periodo de su gobierno, es que Barack Obama no parece dispuesto a gastar tanto tiempo en tratar de mejorar las relaciones con gobiernos que han sido inamistosos con Washington.
In recent decades, women in Latin America and the Caribbean have made tremendous strides towards achieving leadership in every sphere and at the highest levels. Linowitz Forum. Our aim is to stimulate broad and spirited public discussion about where the Western Hemisphere is headed. Enlarging the proposed negotiations to include all three North American nations, Canada, Mexico, and the United States would create a unique, historic and much larger opportunity that has the potential to give a real boost to the economies of all of the nations involved as well as to the global economy.
Opponents of the effort to block funding say the move would have neutralized the work of the commission, which has angered leftist governments of the Bolivarian Alliance for the Americas, or ALBA. Do the ALBA countries have a legitimate gripe with the commission? At the Inter-American Dialogue, he shared some thoughts and reflections on the significance of having the first pope from the Americas. By Jorge Heine, Peter M. Bachelet said that if elected to a second term in office, she would put income inequality at the top of her agenda.
Is Bachelet, who still enjoys high approval ratings in Chile, a shoo-in for another term? Who will give Bachelet her toughest competition in the race? What issues are driving the campaign? April 5, Latinoamerica By Allie Bobak Assembled by the Millennium Project, a worldwide network of analysts studying long-term global trends, the report "Latinoamerica " reviews a series of four scenarios for the future of Latin America.
By Graciana del Castillo, Claudio Loser, and Christian Daude Source: Latin America Advisor Fitch Ratings last month joined two other major ratings agencies in giving Uruguay its coveted investment grade, a move that lowers the nation's borrowing costs and opens up opportunities for new investors. Meanwhile, Uruguayan Vice President Danilo Astori said recently that trade relations with neighboring Argentina are "at their worst point in a long time" in the wake of new taxes in Argentina on vacation packages abroad, which "greatly affects Uruguay" due to the high proportion of Argentine tourists in Uruguay.
How important are ties with Argentina to Uruguay's economic outlook? Considering the broader global economic picture, will investment-grade status bring Uruguay the benefits it expects? What priorities should the country's economic policymakers be focused on in the near- and mid-term? March 27, Post Chavez: Can U. This tribute should make Washington take a fresh look not only at its relations with Venezuela but also with all of Latin America.
March 25, Global Trends Challenges for Latin America By Allie Bobak A discussion of how long term global trends in critical areas such as energy, education, population, armed conflict, and governance will affect the future of Latin America. Jones Source: Latin America Advisor The lower house of Mexico's Congress gave its approval Friday to a measure to overhaul the country's telecommunications industry and sent the legislation to the Senate. What would the overhaul mean for the industry and for Mexico's economy in general? Will the reforms win the needed legislative approval? Yet few, if any, contemplated the possibility that Chavez would end up leaving the political scene he so thoroughly dominated for 14 years as a result of a severe illness, at the age of While a reinvigorated Vatican engagement with the hemisphere is certainly not welcomed news by the LGBT community, the Pope is not the most imminent threat to equality in the Americas.
What is the state of Peru-China commercial ties today? What is driving the bilateral relationship, and what things stand in the way of improvement? Who stands to benefit or lose the most from expanding Peru-China ties? The resurgence of the left — historically targeted by these oligarchs — has sought to counter this phenomenon with state-owned newspapers and broadcast outlets. Public media — independent and not-for-profit programming — however, seem to have been left without a champion. Venezuelans will not easily forget a leader who, for better or worse, was the consummate showman and left an indelible mark on a highly polarized society.
Venezuelans and the rest of the world wait and watch to see what happens with Hugo Chavez. Is he focusing the beginning of his presidency on the right goals? How might Mexico's local elections this July alter the current course? Paulo This year Brazil is witnessing the largest harvest in its history. The country will harvest million tons MT of grains and oilseeds, 11 percent more than in the previous year. We became the first producer 84 MT and exporter 41 MT worldwide of soybeans.
Sin sorpresas, Rafael Correa fue reelegido de manera aplastante en Ecuador. Not surprisingly, Rafael Correa won a landslide reelection in Ecuador. And in a move that caught many off guard, the apparently very ill Venezuelan president Hugo Chavez returned to Caracas from Havana. February 21, Peru's Political and Institutional Agenda: A Conversation with the Speaker of Congress By Tim Heine Peru has captured international attention both because of its robust economic growth as well as its social unrest.
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Following his opening remarks, Cynthia McClintock, a political science professor at George Washington University and leading authority on Peru, offered commentary before a wide-ranging exchange with participants. President Barack Obama said Jan. Obama's comments came a day after he presented his plan for immigration reform and just after a bipartisan group of senators presented their own plan. What stands in the way of passing the legislation before July? Are the immigration reforms that would get through Congress likely to be significant enough to change the status quo?
How might U. February 5, El gran paso con la reforma en EE. February 5, A big step for reform By Michael Shifter Source: El Colombiano Just three months ago, no one believed that it would be possible for the US Congress to enact comprehensive immigration reform any time soon. February 1, Have Prospects for U. What is on the horizon for U.
The report card highlights the achievements and challenges of the Jamaican education system in nine key areas, and offers a series of policy recommendations. Chinese exports to the region grew 12 to 15 percent last year, and it "is now a strategically important market," he said. How significant is Latin America as an export destination for China? Are business and government leaders actively looking to the region to expand trade?
Where is the Chinese economy headed next year and in the mid-term, and how will that affect Latin America? He foresees low demand among Latin American nations for RMB-denominated transactions in coming years. January 15, Deepening the Relationship: Prospects for US-Brazil Commercial and Bilateral Ties By Cameron Combs What are the prospects for trade and the broader bilateral relationship between the hemisphere's two largest democracies? As we look to , here are some of the trends to follow in the hemisphere's struggle for LGBT rights.
By Marcelo Bergman, Eric L. How are the size, make-up and landscape of drug cartels changing? Are different populations, sectors or businesses likely to be affected by the violence in ? January 4, Peace Now? US election—unexpectedly—also turned out to be one of the most important events for the region in Bush father , defeated by Bill Clinton in December 26, To treat drug use as a police matter is useless and disastrous By Fernando Henrique Cardoso The former president advocates for decriminalization and health approach to drug use.
Is Capriles well-positioned to remain the top opposition leader? How would Maduro fare in a special election for the presidency against Henrique Capriles?
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McIlhenny cited a number of positive developments in Latin America that have been advanced by a U. Or are fears that the United States doesn't pay enough attention to the region and has lost its prominence well-founded? In addition to government, how do private sector and civil society initiatives factor in?
Arab and Latin American nations can anticipate those changes and benefit from them, and could start building new partnerships. But continuing questions about Chavez's health and the country's dismal governance suggest that change may be coming soon. External players should restrain from meddling during this period of uncertainty.
Instead, support should focus on trying to ensure that Venezuelans continue to rely on the ballot box in determining the course of a country facing so many daunting problems. PDF By Roberto Cajina During the past four decades of the twentieth century, Nicaragua, El Salvador, and Guatemala experienced civil wars that differed in their nature, intensity, and duration.
What factors account for this difference? Was the upsurge of criminal violence an unprecedented phenomenon in the Northern Triangle? Have the countries of the Southern Triangle stood apart from such violence? These are some of the questions that this paper seeks to answer. Estas son algunas de las preguntas que este ensayo busca responder. It is surprising, then, that border disputes continually bedevil the region.
Many of these tensions remain unresolved, and when they surface, as in the example of the Nov. Do any of Correa's rivals stand a chance of defeating him? What issues will matter to Ecuadoreans when they go to the polls? What would Correa seek to do in a third term? It is, however, is fundamental to US diplomacy in this hemisphere, and the US should take a more active role in salvaging the institution.
November 30, Why Are U. The senators said the OAS lacks a strategic focus, is too reluctant to make difficult financial decisions and is beset by "capriciously destructive personnel policies. What steps should the OAS take to strengthen itself? Sin embargo, hoy se torna muy importante comenzar a delinear una estrategia con miras a abordar la continuidad de las mismas una vez que el litigio haya concluido.
November 27, Colombia's Steps at the Hague By Michael Shifter Source: El Colombiano Nothing succeeds in bringing a nation together -- and in transcending sharp political differences -- than disputes over national territory. Immigration, Cuba, and drugs have always had an unusually high dose of domestic politics, and they still do, but results of the recent US elections suggest that obstacles to progress may be easing.
By Peter Hakim Source: Foreign Policy When the leaders of Mexico and the United States meet for the first time, they'll have a chance to make real progress on issues that have been stalled for decades. Where does the debate about drug policy in the United States and in the region appear to be headed? November 15, New U. It was an error that cost may have cost them the election. Romney and other Republican candidates not only ignored Latinos, but at times actively offended them by the tone and substance of their views on immigration.
By Viviana Giacaman, Benoit Hervieu, and Scott Griffen Source: Latin America Advisor Press freedom has been in the headlines recently, as a Bolivian radio journalist was set on fire in a brutal attack last month, and Mexico's government in July said that 67 journalists have been killed and 14 disappeared in the country since Is press freedom seriously jeopardized in these countries or elsewhere in the region? What implications does it have for the state of democracy?
Should regional bodies or other organizations be taking action? If so, how? Minister Juan Camilo Restrepo, who served as minister of the economy and minister of energy and mines under previous administrations, commented on the implementation of this important and complex law in light of the negotiations underway between the Colombian government and the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia FARC.
Lowenthal Source: Folha de S. Will the new law dramatically reduce the country's notable inequality, as supporters assert? Or will it put a 'straitjacket' on universities, as a senator who voted against the bill claims? What role does higher education play in Brazil's social and economic development? Does Brazil's debate over affirmative action have implications for other countries in the region?
October 26, Will America Look South? President Barack Obama's omission of Latin America in his list of regions where relations with the US had improved in the past several years set off a burst of tweets among Latin Americans. October 26, The final lap By Abraham F. Lowenthal Source: Folha de Sao Paulo.
What would a Romney administration mean for economic relations with the region? Could he successfully forge new free-trade agreements with Latin America? How would a Romney victory alter the United States' relations with the region? Who were the big winners and big losers in the municipal elections? What effect will the municipal elections have on national politics in Brazil? Of these, data was fully collected for 37 of them.
An improved, more productive US-Brazilian relationship will require the two countries to identify issues and goals on which they are willing to commit themselves to sustained long-term cooperation. But, for now, both nations seem comfortable with maintaining the status quom in their bilateral relations. Es duro de reconocer pero los hechos son los hechos.
In , he soundly defeated his opposition challenger Manual Rosales. Chavez was then in sound health, his rhetorical powers were at their height, and he had ample resources thanks to high oil prices. Though there the new government will face substantial challenges, Mexicans have tangible grounds for optimism, particularly about progress on critical reforms. Paulo The US presidential elections are six weeks away. President Barack Obama has begun to build an advantage in most of the decisive swing states, including Ohio, Virginia and Florida.
His argument was straightforward: Ecuador respects its international obligations, but uses all of the available legal tools to defend itself and its national interests. September 21, Venezuela in Mercosur. What was Brazil Thinking? What made the Brazil government so eager to bring Venezuela into Mercosur remains a puzzle. Brazilian officials have made their case mostly on economic grounds, but the costs of bringing Venezuela into Mercosur could well turn out to be higher than the benefits. Is Mexico gaining a competitive edge over China in terms of manufacturing? Or will other low-wage countries come to replace both China and Mexico as manufacturing destinations?
What are the challenges and benefits of moving production facilities to Mexico? Can Mexico leverage the low cost of wages into more sustainable growth? At the time, the Foundation viewed itself primarily as making grants to advance Brazilian development through institutional support for programs in higher education and research. The discussion marked the recent launch of a special report on press freedom in Venezuela published by the Committee to Protect Journalists CPJ. The time has come for a resolute effort to achieve peace in Colombia, and there are reasons to be hopeful of success—although probably not quickly.
September 7, U. President Jimmy Carter said Thursday. Chile and Venezuela will be observers at the talks, which will begin in Oslo, Norway, and continue in Havana, Cuba. These are basic qualities in both human and international relations. We may have different visions of how to address the fundamental challenges facing us, but we will never be able to address them satisfactorily unless we return to basic civility and a willingness to cooperate to find solutions based on common values.
We must begin with a concern for the most vulnerable among us and a commitment to treat each individual with equity and fairness. This will provide in our western hemisphere a bright future — to all of us. The move came amid a shakeup in which Santos asked his entire member cabinet to resign, a not unusual practice in many countries of the region.
Why did Santos call for the cabinet shakeup now? Will the cabinet shakeup boost Santos' approval ratings? How progressive are revenue collection and social spending? A standard fiscal incidence analysis shows that Uruguay achieves a nontrivial reduction in inequality and poverty when all taxes and transfers are combined. In comparison with other five countries in Latin America, it ranks first poverty reduction and second inequality reduction , and first in terms of poverty reduction effectiveness and third in terms of overall including transfers in kind inequality reduction effectiveness.
Wikileaks founder Julian Assange, speaking from the Ecuadoran embassy in London, publicly thanked president Rafael Correa for granting him asylum. Combined with declining popular support for the President, the country is headed on a shaky path and the future remains unclear. We said that it was time for equality, which meant full entitlement to rights for everyone.
What would be the economic risks and gains of building a canal across Nicaragua? FARC is also blamed for several attacks on energy infrastructure targets in south-west Colombia, including electricity installations near Tumaco last week that led to give deaths. August 14, 25 Years Since the Esquipulas Agreement: Opportunities and Challenges in Central America By Rachel Schwartz On August 7, in Esquipulas, Guatemala, the presidents of five Central American countries signed an agreement to end the civil conflicts in the region and promote national reconciliation and democracy.
Each improved three times faster than the average of the 49 countries included in the study. Colombia was also among the top 10, improving at twice the average. This is encouraging news for education reformers, suggesting that sustained efforts to raise student learning are beginning to pay off. August 7, Romney's statesman debut By Michael Shifter Source: El Colombiano The US election is less than three months away, so it is not surprising that the campaigns have moved into high gear. August 5, The incomplete revolution By Michael Shifter Source: El Deber Stagnation is the term that most frequently comes to mind in thinking about the current situation in Bolivia.
The election of Evo Morales was symbolically important and raised high hopes in a country with a majority indigenous population that had long suffered considerable poverty and political instability. By Francisco Altschul, Mirte Postema, and Michael Shifter and Rachel Schwartz Source: Latin America Advisor A dispute between El Salvador's legislative and judicial branches escalated to a constitutional crisis this month, with two separate groups of judges claiming to be the country's legitimate Supreme Court. After a stalemate and pressures both domestically and internationally to resolve the dispute, the two main political parties agreed to hold talks on July What is behind the conflict?
Does the conflict have implications for the state of the country's democracy or is it fundamentally a political issue? How should it be settled? The presidents of Argentina, Brazil and Uruguay agreed to allow the Andean country into the trade bloc after Mercosur suspended Paraguay, whose lawmakers had prevented Venezuela from joining the group. What would Venezuela's entrance mean for it and for the current Mercosur members?
Who are the winners and losers? Does allowing Venezuela into Mercosur through the loophole of Paraguay's suspension raise larger concerns about the bloc's operation, as critics of the move have suggested? As Brazil's economy slows, however, experts debate whether Brazil will be able to recover its previous robust rate of expansion. His brother's in prison, his dad thinks he's a traitor, and almost everyone says his wife calls the shots. But he might still have a chance to turn the country around. The number of unsafe abortions—which represent about 95 percent of the total—grew from 3.
Given the current divisiveness in Washington, the bipartisan support it has received across three administrations now seems remarkable. After 12 years, the plan is gradually winding down, but the U. July 25, Assessing Humala's First Year By Mariel Aramburu In light of Ollanta Humala's first anniversary as president of Peru, the Dialogue convened two leading analysts who provided insight into the economic and political dimensions of the country, with commentary provided by the Peruvian Ambassador to the United States.
Where are political and economic relations between India and Latin America headed? What constraints are there to improving trade and how can they be remedied? Which countries and sectors present the best opportunities for growth? President Barack Obama after he announced an executive order to cease deportation of many immigrants brought to the United States illegally as children and the Supreme Court ruled on Arizona's immigration law. July 20, The right must learn to love the state again By Francis Fukuyama Source: Financial Times When asked to contribute to this series on the future of conservatism, I hesitated because it seemed to me that in both the US and Europe what was most needed was not a new form of conservatism but rather a reinvention of the left.
The decline was statistically significant and robust to changes in the time interval, inequality measures and data sources. In depth country studies for Argentina, Brazil and Mexico suggest two main phenomena underlie this trend: a fall in the premium to skilled labor and more progressive government transfers.
This Inter-American Dialogue Working Paper discusses key elements of current US drug policy, points out their strengths and weaknesses, and highlights where changes would be desirable. Though trailing China in trade and investment, India has adopted a more cautious and well-informed approach to engagement with the region. This approach likely more beneficial than China's in terms of long-term relationship-building in Latin America. How has China's involvement in Latin America's energy sector evolved?
Will it expand beyond the countries and sectors where it has traditionally focused most of its energy investments? If so, where is it likely to go and how will that impact the sector? Washington no longer has the resources or authority to shape a hemispheric agenda and provide the leadership to put it into practice. The relationship remains stuck on the same issues: Cuba, immigration and drug policy. According to the government, the measure is aimed at taking profits away from drug dealers and funding rehabilitation programs.
What are the implications of Uruguay's proposal? How progressive are revenue-collection and social-spending patterns? June 28, A Campaign About Nothing By Michael Shifter Source: Foreign Policy On July 1, some 80 million Mexican voters will turn their backs on the drama and turbulence that has recently beset their country as they select a new president for the next six years. The electorate will choose among three main candidates whose statements and policy positions have been notably cautious -- and who have been strikingly vague about what they would change in how the country is handling its most serious problems.
Maisto Source: Latin America Advisor Paraguay's Senate on Friday voted , with two abstentions, to impeach President Fernando Lugo, who immediately moved out of the presidential residence. On Sunday, however, Lugo announced he will not recognize his former vice president, Federico Franco, as Paraguay's new leader.
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Who is the legitimate president of Paraguay? Why are some countries recognizing Franco as the new president and others not? What compelled Congress to take action now, just nine months before scheduled elections, and is it a good thing for the nation? Will Paraguay's economy suffer as a consequence of the political turmoil?
Vasquez Source: Latin America Advisor Q: Given the potential of significant oil reserves in Brazil and Venezuela, large shale gas discoveries, plummeting wind energy prices and other developments, some analysts are highly optimistic about the general energy outlook in Latin America. Others cite opposition to hydro projects, vulnerabilities in energy-poor parts of the region, stagnation of oil production, unproved ultra-deep-water technologies and other hurdles as cause for major concern about the region's energy future.
Are reasons for optimism weak? Or are pessimists underestimating the region's potential? What are the major trends in regional energy issues that we can expect in the period ahead, and how can possible solutions to problems best be reached? It is one of many regional projects that have faced local and environmental opposition, but have also been cited as necessary to meet growing energy needs.
Are mega hydropower projects like this doomed in Chile and elsewhere in Latin America? What energy sources will fill in the void if such projects don't come to fruition? How are anticipated consequences of climate change, such as drought, going to change the region's current and future hydropower infrastructure? United Nations Secretary General Ban Ki-moon has said that the conference must achieve 'concrete decisions and agreements,' though some are skeptical that a global consensus on plans to combat climate change is likely to occur. Or will the agreement be 'so weak it is meaningless, or completely collapse,' as WWF director general Jim Leape predicted?
What is Latin America's role in the global debate over climate change? How well are its cities and states preparing for climate change? The session took place in the Capitol Visitor's Center. By Enrique V. He praised the business climates in Brazil and Chile and said Spanish companies would continue investing in the region. Which companies and countries are hurt by the woes in Europe, and which regional players are taking advantage of it the most? Was the king's visit to the region a success? Why or why not?
It is also a tool for consolidating state of the art knowledge on remittances trends, providing new thinking on the role that remittances play in development, and enabling stakeholders in better designing comprehensive policy and institutional frameworks in the intersection between migration, remittances, financial services and labor mobility issues. June 8, Remarks at Sol M. Will it make a difference for U. Foreign Policy? For Latin America? June 7, Globalization, Made in the Americas By Robert Zoellick Source: Remarks at the Dialogue's 30th Anniversary Gala A new hemispheric partnership requires leaving old habits, old mindsets, and old models of dependency behind.
A recent poll says it is the most admired of this group. And it has been selected as the site of both the World Cup and the Olympic Games. Its incredible rise in the past dozen years is due to many factors. Self-promotion is not among the most important. Jones, Andrew Selee, and George W. What types of legislative changes or reforms would result from PRI control of Mexico's presidency and both chambers of its Congress? Will the PRI re-establish the dominance that it enjoyed for seven decades? What is the threat? Who are you fighting? Are terrorists foreign or domestic? Military forces are trained to defend national sovereignty against external attack by a foreign enemy.
They are not trained to deal with their fellow citizens. That is police work. In some countries, turning to the military for internal security evokes terrible memories of Cold War conflicts when repression sometimes became identified with military forces allied with the United States. May 21, EUA debe aportar a C. What is the outlook for trade between the regions? What specific countries and sectors will most likely flourish in the period ahead, and why? But the gang truce has left lawmakers and security experts in El Salvador and across the region grappling with a slew of unsettling questions.
Supreme Court is expected to rule on the federal government's challenge to Arizona's controversial immigration law, which requires local police officers to check the immigration status of anyone suspected of being in the country illegally. During oral arguments April 25, justices were skeptical of the Obama administration's arguments that Arizona overstepped its authority.
How strong is the federal government's case? How might the outcome affect immigration policies and the future immigration debate? Will the high court's decision influence the U. What are the case's implications, if any, on the economies of the United States, Mexico and Central American countries? Philip Hughes Source: Latin American Advisor Hundreds of indigenous Bolivians on April 27 began a second march to protest a controversial road through the Tipnis national park after President Evo Morales said the decision about the road's construction would be put to a vote by local communities.
Meanwhile, the administration has faced strikes across the country in recent weeks from health workers, teachers, miners and other groups dissatisfied with working conditions and wages, some of which have turned violent. What challenges does the government face in resolving the recent bouts of social unrest? What are the underlying causes of the conflicts and how should the administration be handling them? How well is Morales weathering the storm?
May 8, Military Aid Is Unattractive, but Unavoidable By Michael Shifter Source: New York Times The spreading drug-fueled violence in Honduras — arguably the most troubled country in the Western Hemisphere — should be addressed through effective civilian law enforcement institutions, not military forces. Strengthening such institutions should be the principal focus of U.
Ontopoietic Expansion in Human Self-Interpretation-in-Existence
Are lawmakers likely to approve the measure? Would an increase on the corporate tax rate, which was going to be lowered back to 17 percent in , harm the economy? Will the increased spending have a significant effect on ensuring access to better quality education? What more should the government be doing to address the unrest? Earlier this year, El Salvador was suffering about 18 killings per day. The news is linked to a March truce between the rival Mara Salvatrucha and Mara 18 gangs, allegedly brokered with government involvement, according to online Salvadoran newspaper El Faro.
Funes denied involvement in negotiating the truce, saying it was the action of the Catholic Church. What are the tradeoffs and dangers to negotiating such an agreement with gangs? Are other countries that are also facing historic levels of violence considering similar actions? What are the political and social ramifications of such a tactic? Is it sustainable in the long run? Yet beyond the short-term political gains and the potential long-term economic risks for each country, the episodes may suggest the emergence of a broader trend: the decline of the relationship between Latin America and Spain.
According to the report, the retailer failed to notify law enforcement of the evidence its investigators had uncovered, instead shutting down the internal probe. The retailer said it is aggressively investigating the allegations. What do the allegations say about the state of doing business in Mexico? Is bribery a widespread cost of doing business in the country? Are Mexican laws and other regulations, such as the U. Foreign Corrupt Practices Act, proving to be inadequate? The "triangle" construct has been popular in policy-related and academic literature over the past few years.
While the concept of a US-China-Latin America triangle is useful when highlighting interdependencies and identifying opportunities for bilateral and "poli-lateral" cooperation, Ellis argues that it is based on dubious assumptions about dynamics affecting the three actors. It assumes, for example, that Latin America is a unitary actor. It also downplays the role of other actors -- India, Russia, and Europe, for example -- that have significant relations with the United States, China, and Latin America.
Spanish Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy blasted Argentina's action, saying it lacked justification and was a 'negative decision for everyone. How will the takeover affect investment in all sectors of Argentina's economy? How will the move affect Argentina's relations with other countries? All standard measures are by definition anonymous in the sense that we do not know the identity of winners and losers. April 24, U. What did the summit accomplish, if anything? Did the summit hurt or help the United States' standing among other countries in the hemisphere?
Will regional engagement on Cuba's participation in the summit affect the Castro government?
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- The Evolving International Investment Regime: Expectations, Realities, Options;
The United States is the top consumer of illegal drugs in the world, yet focuses much of its attention and resources on the supply side of the equation through eradication and interdiction programs. Mas talvez eu tenha perdido alguma coisa. Estamos llamados a evangelizar a los perdidos, preparar a los redimidos, y facultar a las nuevas generaciones para ser sal y luz de las comunidades donde viven y trabajan.
Si testificamos del Evangelio en nuestras redes de parentesco, amistades y asociaciones, podemos ganar a otros en la parte urbana de Estados Unidos. Con el argumento de que la Iglesia es el medio que Dios usa para llevar a los nuevos cristianos hacia la madurez, el curso discute el seguimiento y discipulado como el medio de cimentar a los cristianos en la fe. Read more Read less. Kindle Cloud Reader Read instantly in your browser. No customer reviews. Share your thoughts with other customers.
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