The study, however, concludes that although trust plays a key role in conflict transformation, it is only a component. Therefore, a comprehensive understanding of a conflict prior to any intervention is essential for identifying and prioritizing key components in the intervention strategy. Toon meer Toon minder.
Reviews Schrijf een review. Kies je bindwijze. Verkoop door bol. In winkelwagen Op verlanglijstje. Gratis verzending 30 dagen bedenktijd en gratis retourneren Ophalen bij een bol. Anderen bekeken ook. Pohon Mangga is a piece of land set aside for Muslim burial for the people of Amahusu village. As Amahusu is an adat village, Christian IDPs approached the Amahusu Raja to request the allocation of an area to which they could return. The Raja assigned a site near a mountainous area which the returnees deemed inaccessible. They consequently started building their houses near Pohon Mangga.
Over the years, as more and more houses were built, some were located within the muslim graveyard. The volatile situation was compounded by pigs rearing in the same area. Clashes now occur almost everytime a Muslim burial takes place. According to a youth leader in the village of Amahusu, numerous requests have been submitted to the head of the district to intervene and resolve the issue, but nothing significant has been done so far.
There has been no coordination of peacebuilding efforts among the different levels and types of government agencies and between governmental and non-governmental actors. Under this scheme, the central Government allocates a 5. Howerver, the provincial Government has implemented a conflict recovery action plan without any consultation with the districts Government. As a result, those in the districts felt that some of the actions taken did not meet the needs of the local community.
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There is also a lack of follow up among the various ministries. Additionally, the Maluku Governor, Karel Albert Ralahalu, has been accused of misusing the funds allocated under Inpres 6. The local Government is too focused on physical reconstruction as opposed to reconciliation and reintegration of the two religious communities. This problem is not unique in Indonesia where there is a tendency to channel funds and resources into programmes able to produce visible results in comparison to reconciliation and reintegration where measures of success are more subjective and require long-term focus.
Four years after the publication of the report, the same issues were raised by workshop participants.
- International Journal of Psychology | 2008(06) articles.
- LIST OF TABLES AND FIGURES.
- Dialysing for Life: The Development of the Artificial Kidney.
- Passion Found.
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For resources on violent conflict in Maluku, please refer to the Indonesia conflict management literature review. Positive conflict management initiatives in Maluku The participants agreed that there have been several positive efforts on conflict management both during and after the conflict. The case of the Wayame village was cited as a success story in terms of community-based conflict management. Villagers came together, during the conflict, to form a team, Team 20,composed of 10 Muslim and 10 Christians. The team was responsible for verifying information that entered the village, aimed at provoking fighting between the two religious communities.
Rules were also enforced such as the prohibition of any derogatory remarks on religion, and punishment by the village head of potential violators, including public caning and ostracising from the village. The Baku Bae Movement is another community-based initiative regarded highly for its peacemaking efforts and believed by many participants to have facilitated the signing of the Malino II Agreement.
The Movement provided an interesting alternative to normal conflict resolution methods. Its principles and methods were based on baku bae, which in the Maluku culture describes the peaceful spirit used in childrens games to restore friendship after a quarrel.
The Movement was started by civil society actors from Maluku supported by a disparate group including activists from Jakarta, local traditional and religious figures, 6. Meetings were held amidst tense situations between the two religious communities when peace was a sensitive issue. The meetings, organised by the Movement, helped to diffuse tension and rebuild trust. It also laid the foundation for further peace efforts. There have also been numerous interfaith dialogues between the Christian and Muslim communities, as well as other programmes to promote greater understanding between the two sides.
The local Government has also held several trainings for its staff on a range of issues relevant to women and children caught up in violent conflict. Women have played significant roles conflict resolution and peacebuilding at the community level, particularly in promoting reconciliation through daily interaction and trading on the markets. They have recently held the first Maluku Women Congress to discuss political, economic and social issues. The conflict management efforts in Maluku are like pieces of jigsaw puzzle that do not fit to form a big, coherent picture.
Recommendations Several recommendations were put forward including: Members from the central Government and the negotiating teams involved in the signing of the Malino II Agreement should be held accountable for the implementation of the latter although workshop participants are aware that this is a challenge.
Local members of the negotiating teams from the two religious communities should hold a series of meetings to review the implementation of the Agreement and identify areas that need improvement.
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Results of the meetings should be shared with the local Government for action to be taken. NGOs should also be involved in this initiative as they may be able to assist with capacity building and working with the community through their networks. The local Government needs to review its approach to IDPs. Efforts of nongovernmental actors in recommending the implementation of a regional law perda to the local Government in order to regulate the reintegration and relocation of IDPs, was underlined.
However this suggestion was turned down on the basis that IDPs are regarded as a temporary problem. The presence of IDPs in Maluku however has become permanent. Ten years after the conflict, many still refuse to return to their hometowns due to persisting trauma from the conflict and the perception that the Government is unable to defend their rights. There is a need for more vigorous consultation as well as coordination among different levels of government and between governmental and non-governmental actors on peacebuilding and conflict management in Maluku.
The lack of coordination usually means an overlap of efforts or waste of resources.
Estudo de Caso - Conflict Management Strategies in Maluku
It also means that the provision of assistance does not meet the needs of the local community. For instance, as part of its conflict recovery efforts, the provincial Government decided to build a new school in Kota Ambon without consulting the government officials in the city. There was no urgent need for a new school as the conflict had not affected the operation of the existing school in the area. As a result, the facilities of the new school were under-used.
The local Government should move away from physical reconstruction to community empowerment and capacity building.
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The local communities need to be empowered, particularly in the economic sector. For example, the local Government should be encouraged to review the training syllabus it provides, evaluate its impact and the compatibility of the training with the needs of the local community. Rostock - - pages Trend analysis of awareness and attitudes toward I. Economic Commission for Europe - - 37 pages Trends in U. Riemer, Fred W. Russett, John R. Nathan - - pages Trilateralism in Asia by K. Nathan - - pages Trinkwasserknappheit - steht die Existenz der Menschheit auf dem Spiel? Jeffords, Hank Brown, United States.
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