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They were unaware that two Irish cavalry regiments, the 4th Royal Irish Dragoon Guards and the 5th Irish Lancers, were acting as a screen, keeping the Germans back. In a celebrated incident, the Dragoon Guards commanding officer, Maj Tom Bridges, persuaded the exhausted men to march by rousing them with musical instruments he borrowed from a shop in the town. Mainwaring and Elkington were cashiered out of the British army in disgrace.

Elkington rehabilitated his reputation by joining the French Legion. He was decorated for bravery. Mainwaring disappeared from public view. For this my son was dead and is alive again he was lost and now is found. The son of Martin and Nora Kelly from Kickham Street and one of five children, he was educated at the local national school and listed his occupation, when called up, as a farmer with 26 acres. Kelly may have been a reservist at the start of the war. He was captured at the Battle of Le Pilly, which took place on October 19th and 20th, , about 20km south of Lille in the Pas-de-Calais.

The battle was one of the biggest catastrophes to affect any Irish battalion in the war.

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The battalion captured the village of Le Pilly on the afternoon of October 19th but could not hold it. Sensing the Irish were isolated, the Germans surrounded the battalion and exacted a terrible price. His body, like those of other men in the battalion, was never found.

Martin Kelly was one of soldiers from the battalion taken prisoner and he spent the rest of the war in a PoW camp. Nell was 21 when Michael was killed and was left to raise two children, Mickey and Molly. His ship was torpedoed but he was rescued and after the war, suffering from shellshock, he returned to Carrick-on-Suir.

Martin Kelly settled back in Carrick-on-Suir after the war. He was interested in boxing and opened a gym. He and his wife Nancy had 10 children, one of whom died. In , Nancy Kelly died from cancer and his widowed sister-in-law Nell helped raise the remaining children. The youngest, Mary, was just five. Martin Kelly died in at the age of The cause of death is listed as heart failure. They struggled to survive. His behaviour now makes sense, she says. I knew he was in the war, but I never realised he was a prisoner of war.

Collection of Irish Song Lyrics

I feel proud of what he did during the war. His personality made a lot of sense when he came back from the war. I would imagine being in a prisoner of war camp for four years would change anybody. He was born on September 28th, , and was from Charleville, Co Cork.

Christy Moore and the Irish Ballad Tradition

Further research failed to shed light on his story. He was taken prisoner in November in Ypres and, three years later, was still living in limbo in the Giessen prisoner of war camp. He was born on August 17th, , in Tramore, Co Waterford. He grew up at 20 Main Street and was educated at the Christian Brothers school in Tramore and was still living in the town at the age of It is unclear when he joined the Irish Guards, but it is certain to have been before war broke out in He was captured at Ypres on November 6th, According to Rudyard Kipling, who wrote the definitive history of the 1st battalion of the Irish Guards, a company from the battalion was caught out in the open at Klein Zillebeke, south of Ypres.

For days, the Irish Guards had stopped the Germans making a breakthrough in their sector. However, one company was left exposed when a second company and the French support withdrew on November 6th. Pte Duggan was listed as a prisoner of war in the Waterford News in May But most recordings are of little-known men and women, now long dead. The idea of recording PoW voices in imperial German camps was the idea of the teacher and linguist Wilhelm Doegen.

Like Henry Higgins in My Fair Lady, Doegen was intrigued by the new recording technologies of the day, and saw their potential in preserving the human voice for later study, in particular for language teaching. Travelling the earth to record human voices would be an onerous and costly task, but not with tens of thousands of soldiers from far-flung countries now the involuntary guests of the kaiser in German PoW camps.

At its head was not Doegen, however, but the philosopher and psychologist Carl Stumpf.

Introduction: Contextualizing the Modern Ballad

He was a pioneer of comparative musicology, taught at the University of Berlin and was a founder of the Berlin Phonogram Archive established in For recording work each man had their own equipment. It allowed sound to be recorded for the first time on rotating wax cylinders. By it was relatively mobile, required no electricity and could be operated by one person.

Doegen had different plans and different equipment.

The real story behind Danny Boy, the beloved Irish ballad |

He used gramophone technology, invented in by Emile Berliner, that produced superior recordings but recording sessions were a more cumbersome affair. More businessman than academic, Doegen hoped to sell the records he produced and make money from his endeavours. The commission members worked in absolute secrecy — a point Stump underlined four months before the Giessen recordings were made.

The commission members visited around 70 camps. After asking camp officials to find suitable speakers and musicians, the recording teams arrived and met the men. With their help they filled in questionnaires and began recording. Supplementing the audio recordings were images. Commission files suggest that all men who were recorded were also photographed, but these images appear lost. Doegen, whose idea the project was, had a more entrepreneurial view of his recordings. Doegen was dismissed from the Lautarchiv in , months after the Nazis seized power but opinions differ on why.

Some see him as the victim of a whispering campaign that he was Jewish, for which there is no evidence. Records show he faced others accusations of financial fraud and was subjected to several audits, which his defenders say was another attempt to defame him. Critics of Doegen suggest he ruined his own professional reputation by being more salesman than academic, selling commercially recordings that were intended only for research purposes.

After his departure, the Lautarchiv continued to make recordings until and Doegen died in The recording collections are still stored separately in Berlin and, almost a century after the original commission members parted company in acrimony, their feud lives on. Each side has a different view on how much weight needs to be given to the recordings, and how much attention to the context in which they were recorded.

The most pressing question: was it ethical to make such recordings in a prisoner of war context? Thus she suggests that claims by the commission members a century ago, that prisoners enjoyed singing and speaking for the camp visitors, need to be taken with a pinch of salt. This is particularly relevant in the wartime context where they feared espionage. Across town in Dahlem, the linguists in charge of the wax cylinder collection play down the ethical questions posed by Dr Lange.

Irish Music - Song and Ballad Lyrics

Included are many recordings of other PoWs that run the gamut from Ukrainian love songs to the less lovely Bloody Danube sung by a Turkish soldier. The collection is currently being digitised and is the subject of a fascinating exhibition in the Ethnological Museum.

For Mareike Jacobs, a co-curator of the exhibition, the Berlin recordings are a window into a lost world. The "rock" is also called the distaff. The distaff was a long stick that held the prepared fibers of material for making the thread. It was attached to the spinning wheel. The "reel" is where the thread would go after it was spun.

It would wind around the reel. Over songs and rhymes. Each includes the full text in Spanish, with translations into English. Many include links to recordings. This song can be found in: Irish Minstrelsy by H. Many thanks to Monique Palomares for the midi tune. Our books feature songs in the original languages, with translations into English. Many include beautiful illustrations, commentary by ordinary people, and links to recordings, videos, and sheet music.

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Visit our store. Please contribute a traditional song or rhyme from your country. Over 60 songs and rhymes, many in Gaelic with translations into English. Help keep Mama Lisa's World online! At Mama Lisa's World we believe sharing our cultures and traditions can help bring us togehter. Your purchase at our bookstore will help keep us online. Thanks so much! Visit Our Book Store. Harry Clarke — was a Dublin-born Irish illustrator and stained-glass artist.

Joshua moved to Dublin and opened a decorating business that eventually included a division for stain-glassed windows. Harry [ One is a version of Dance to Your Daddy from England. Click links for songs. Jane sings a lot of lullabies and plays harp. You [ Bill Bruehl wrote asking about an Irish saying. Going door-to-door for treats between Halloween and Christmas-time has been common throughout the West for the past few centuries.

These traditions have their roots in Samhain, an ancient Celtic festival that was celebrated from October 31st to November 1st, the halfway point between the autumnal [ We have a little collection of rhymes and lullabies about fairies. You can click on the titles below to find the songs. Fairies a magical creatures that all kids should hear about! It was written by English poet, Thomas Haynes Bayly You can hear the poem sung below. It sounds like a lullaby. MP3 Recording of Oh! Dreaming was written by the Irish poet, William Allingham — He wrote this poem for his three children.

Here you can listen to the poem while reading along with the text. Shule Aroon.

Shule Aroon Ireland.