Manual Leseentwicklung und Fremdverstehen (German Edition)

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The project will therefore be organized around four core themes: the Theoretical Foundations of the method of cases, the most promising Responses to the experimentalist challenge, the Experimental Metaphilosophy of the method of cases, and Alternatives to this method. Its principal investigator is Prof.

Markus Werning with further investigators Dr. Matthias Unterhuber and Dr. Erica Cosentino. The project addresses the question on how discourse contexts influence the way sentence meaning is composed from lexical meaning and, to this end, conducts EEG experiments.

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Specifically, predictions from Bayesian pragmatics and semantic similarity views are contrasted and implications for the debate on semantic minimalism and truth pragmatics are investigated. In addition, a model is developed of how discourse context affects the composition of sentence meanings for more information see here.

Methodologically, it connects philosophy of mind and cognition with empirical research in cognitive science. The main goal of the RTG is to identify deficits in traditional conceptions of the human mind and to refine and enhance the existing conceptions by drawing on new developments in cognitive science that have not yet made their way into the prevailing philosophical approaches.

Newen Bochum , Prof. Crone Dortmund and Prof. Roughley Duisburg-Essen. Bence Nanay, University of Antwerp, has received a Friedrich Wilhelm Bessel Research Award for his systematic philosophical theory formation in epistemology and philosophy of mind with special focus on perception and imagination.

The Alexander von Humboldt Foundation grants about 20 Friedrich Wilhelm Bessel Research Awards annually, funded by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research, to internationally renowned academics from abroad in recognition of their outstanding accomplishments in research to date and their exceptional promise for the future.

Host: Prof. Answers to those questions are obviously relevant to animal ethics, but also to anthropology and philosophy of mind. The goal of this project is to look at the question of animal rationality from these latter perspectives.


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While anthropologists use the comparison with other species to investigate human nature, philosophers of mind look at animals in order to find out something about the nature of thought in general. Answering these questions requires a truly interdisciplinary approach. First, we need to clarify the semantics of the mental concepts that play a role in this debate: what does it mean to be rational, to have beliefs, to make inferences or decisions or to understand causality or mental states.

Secondly, we have to work out behavioral criteria on the basis of which we can test empirically whether the ascription of a mental ability to a given animal is justified. The notion of situated cognition comprises several ideas that together challenge and force us to reconsider the classical notion of cognition as used in philosophy and cognitive science.

While the traditional view conceives of cognition as constituted by formal operations on abstract symbols, i. Cognitive activities are not confined to an individual's brain, but essentially extend into the agent's body, and even into the agent's physical and social environment. In this project, these ideas shall be investigated and evaluated in closer detail with regard to two cognitive domains, namely 1 perception of the outside world, and 2 understanding of other minds. The goal of this project is to develop an integrative interdisciplinary account of our perception of the world and our capacity to understand other minds on the basis of situated and embodied cognition.

Defeasible reasoning in short, DR is indispensable when dealing with a world full of uncertainties: we constantly draw conclusions that we may reject later in view of new information. Examples of DR are numerous: induction, abduction, inferences on the basis of expert opinion, etc. We find DR in everyday reasoning, in expert reasoning e.

When reasoning defeasibly, people sometimes make mistakes they fail to reject conclusions when there are good reasons to do so. Given that DR is central for human reasoning, this urges us to study DR with exact formal methods.

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Only in this way, are we able to explicate and evaluate reasoning processes in a precise way and to assist and correct people in reasoning. One of the central ideas behind this project is that DR is best studied from an argumentative angle according to which an inference is retracted if and only if it cannot be defended against counterarguments. Besides its technical elegance, it has been argued that the argumentative approach is empirically adequate.

However, there are still many foundational issues and the given tools are still very limited in expressive power. DR has also been intensively studied within the domain of nonmonotonic logic, leading to a plethora of logics for different types of DR.


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  • What is lacking though, is a formal base that unifies the modeling of various types of DR and that is sufficiently expressive to handle real-life examples of DR. The aim of this project is: i to provide a unifying theory for the formal study of DR from an argumentative perspective and ii to apply this theory to actual cases of DR. For i , we will integrate techniques from highly unifying nonmonotonic logics such as Adaptive Logics into argumentation frameworks.

    For ii , we will focus on two domains: normative reasoning and scientific reasoning. The project investigates some important concepts from epistemology, namely doxastic agency and epistemic responsibility.

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    Medieval Study Abroad

    Volume 11 Issue s1 Jan , pp. Volume 12 Issue Jahresband Jan , pp. For most of the students it is their first prolonged stay and formal learning experience in that country. Will the original images of Germany and all things German these students have picked up along the line be destroyed or strengthened by their intensive contact with the local people? Are these images a help or a barrier to their learning in the host country? Will the experiences of living, learning and interacting with Germans as well as the encounter with German culture change their original impressions of the people and the country?

    Could future classes of students profit from the experiences of those who have been there? This study tries to answer these questions by analyzing a questionnaire conducted among the students of German departments at six universities in Taiwan. Nachfolgende Tabelle 1 gibt einen kurzen Uberblick uber die existierenden Sprachaustauschprogramme an taiwanesischen Universitaten:.

    Ein Teil der Studenten, die Deutschkurse an den jeweiligen Universitken belegen, nimmt das Angebot wahr. Das Austauschprogramm lauft bis heute recht erfolgreich, auch wenn es ab und an Probleme verschiedener Art gibt. Kommen taiwanesische Studenten dann nach Deutschland, begegnen sie schliessich Deutschen in ihrem Lebens- und Lernalltag.