Eine neutrale Person, die eine Gebrauchstauglichkeitstestsitzung leitet. Ein Test , der zeigen soll, dass eine Komponente oder ein System nicht funktioniert. Ein Teil-Netzwerk mit einem bestimmten Vertrauensniveau. Der Prozess der Entwicklung und Implementierung eines Nutzungsprofiles.
Testen durch Personen, die nicht an einem gemeinsamen Ort mit dem Projektteam arbeiten und nicht Mitarbeiter im Unternehmen des Projektteams sind. Eine Form des Integrationstests , die auf solche Paare von Komponenten abzielt, die entsprechend der Darstellung im Aufrufgraphen zusammenarbeiten.
Testen zur Bestimmung der Performanz eines Softwareprodukts. Ein Reviewverfahren, bei dem die Gutachter das Arbeitsergebnis aus unterschiedlichen Gesichtspunkten beurteilen. Eine Folge von Ereignissen wie z. Ein Testkonzept , das sich typischerweise auf eine Testphase bezieht.
Eine Aussage, welche die Werte wahr oder falsch annehmen kann, und welche die Steuerung des nachfolgenden Kontrollflusses bestimmen kann. Die Stufe der Wichtigkeit, die einem Objekt z. Beim Benutzer oder Betreiber eingesetzte Hard- und Softwareprodukte, auf denen die zu testende Komponente oder das System betrieben wird. Eine Praktik der agilen Softwareentwicklung, bei der zwei Programmierer gemeinsam an einem Arbeitsplatz arbeiten.
Ein Standard , welcher die erforderlichen Eigenschaften eines Designs oder einer Designbeschreibung von Daten oder Programmkomponenten beschreibt. Eine Teststrategie , bei der das Testteam vorgegebenen Prozessen folgt, wobei die Prozesse Elemente adressieren wie Dokumentation, die angemessene Identifikation und Nutzung der Testbasis und der Testorakel , und die Organisation des Testteams.
Ein spezieller Meilenstein im Projekt. Eine Matrix, welche die Kernverantwortlichkeiten der verschiedenen beteiligten Rollen an der Fertigstellung von Aufgaben oder Arbeitsergebnissen in einem Projekt oder Prozess beschreibt. Testen , welches dynamisch auf das Testobjekt und bereits erhaltene Testergebnisse reagiert. Abnahmetest mit dem Ziel zu verifizieren, ob ein System zu relevanten Gesetzen, Richtlinien und Vorschriften konform ist.
Grad der Prozessverbesserung in einem vordefinierten Satz von Prozessgebieten, in dem alle spezifischen und generischen Ziele erreicht werden. Eine strukturierte Menge von Elementen, die bestimmte Aspekte des Reifegrades einer Organisation beschreiben und die bei der Definition und dem Verstehen der Prozesse der Organisation helfen. Ein Review , das die Testbasis in Hinblick auf ihre Testbarkeit bewertet. Der allgemeine Prozess der Risikoidentifikation und Risikobewertung. Ein Reviewverfahren, bei dem die Gutachter ein Arbeitsergebnis aus der Perspektive unterschiedlicher Stakeholder-Rollen bewerten.
Eine Methode, bei der sehr spezifische Ziele anstelle von allgemeinen Zielen definiert werden. Ein statischer Analysator , der zum Auffinden bestimmter Sicherheitsschwachstellen im Code genutzt wird. Testen zur Bestimmung der Skalierbarkeit eines Softwareprodukts. Manuelles oder automatisiertes Testen , das einem Testskript folgt.
Ein Testverfahren zur Bewertung der Gebrauchstauglichkeit der Software aus Endbenutzersicht, das auf einem Fragenkatalog basiert. Ein Versuch, eine Person hereinzulegen, damit sie Information z. Eine Teststrategie , bei der das Testteam einem Standard folgt. Ein Verfahren der Skripterstellung, das eine Bibliothek wiederverwendbarer Teil- Skripte aufbaut und nutzt. Systematischer Test- und Evaluierungsprozess. Eine einfache zehnstufige Skala, die eine globale Sicht auf subjektive Bewertungen der Gebrauchstauglichkeit liefert.
Schrittweise Reduktion der Sicherheitsschwachstellen eines Systems durch Anwendung einer Sicherheitsrichtlinie und verschiedener Schichten des Zugriffsschutzes. Test des fertigen, integrierten Systems aus Softwarekomponenten, Hardwarekomponenten und Mechanik zum Nachweis der Einhaltung der Systemanforderungen und der Lieferbereitschaft des Gesamtsystems. Testen , um die Ressourcennutzung eines Softwareprodukts festzustellen. Eine indiviualisierte Softwareschnittelle, die es erlaubt ein Testobjekt automatisiert zu testen.
Ein Testbericht , der eine Bewertung der entsprechenden Testelemente gegen Endekriterien liefert. Ein Werkzeug, das eine Umgebung zur Testautomatisierung bereitstellt. Ein abstrakter Plan, um langfristige Ziele der Testautomatisierung unter gegebenen Randbedingungen zu erreichen. Ein Teil eines Testobjekts , das im Testprozess verwendet wird. Zwei Personen, z. Eine systematische Technik zur Abdeckung aller paarweisen Kombinationen von Variablen durch den Einsatz orthogonaler Arrays. Eine sachkundige Fachperson, die am Testen einer Komponente oder eines Systems beteiligt ist.
Eine Menge von Vorbedingungen, Eingaben, Aktionen falls anwendbar , erwarteten Ergebnissen und Nachbedingungen, welche auf Basis von Testbedingungen entwickelt wurden. Ein Modell, das die Testmittel beschreibt, die zum Testen einer Komponente oder eines zu testenden Systems genutzt werden. Die Komponente oder das System , welches getestet wird. Person, welche Verbesserungen am Testprozess auf der Grundlage des Testverbesserungskonzepts vornimmt.
Angelehnt an das agile Manifest. Ein Dokument, das auf hohem Abstraktionsniveau die Prinzipien, den Ansatz und die wichtigsten Ziele einer Organisation in Bezug auf das Testen zusammenfasst. Die Umsetzung einer Teststrategie in einem spezifischen Projekt. Die Analyse von Transaktionen zwischen Personen und im menschlichen Bewusstsein. Der Grad, zu dem eine Beziehung zwischen zwei oder mehr Arbeitsergebnissen hergestellt werden kann. Ein sequentielles Entwicklungsmodell, der eine eins-zu-eins Beziehung zwischen den Phasen der Software -Entwicklung von der Anforderungsspezifikation bis zur Lieferung, und den korrespondierenden Teststufen vom Abnahmetest bis zum Komponententest beschreibt.
Eine Reviewart, bei der ein Autor die Reviewteilnehmer durch ein Arbeitsergebnis leitet und die Teilnehmer Fragen stellen und potentielle Befunde kommentieren. Testen , um die Wartbarkeit eines Softwareprodukts zu bestimmen. Website Analysis and MeasureMent Inventory. Testen , um die Wiederherstellbarkeit eines Softwareprodukts zu ermitteln. A use case in which some actors with malicious intent are causing harm to the system or to other actors.
The criteria that a component or system must satisfy in order to be accepted by a user, customer, or other authorized entity. Formal testing with respect to user needs, requirements , and business processes conducted to determine whether or not a system satisfies the acceptance criteria and to enable the user, customers or other authorized entity to determine whether or not to accept the system. The degree to which a component or system can be used by people with the widest range of characteristics and capabilities to achieve a specified goal in a specified context of use.
Testing to determine the ease by which users with disabilities can use a component or system. The process of obtaining user account information based on trial and error with the intention of using that information in a security attack. The capability of the software product to provide the right or agreed results or effects with the needed degree of precision. Testing to determine the accuracy of a software product. The phase within the IDEAL model where the improvements are developed, put into practice, and deployed across the organization.
User or any other person or system that interacts with the test object in a specific way. A review technique carried out by independent reviewers informally, without a structured process. The degree to which a component or system can be adapted for different or evolving hardware and software environments. A statement on the values that underpin Agile software development. A group of software development methodologies based on iterative incremental development, where requirements and solutions evolve through collaboration between self-organizing cross-functional teams.
Testing practice for a project using Agile software development methodologies, incorporating techniques and methods, such as extreme programming XP , treating development as the customer of testing and emphasizing the test -first design paradigm. Simulated or actual operational testing conducted in the developer's test environment , by roles outside the development organization.
A test strategy whereby the test team analyzes the test basis to identify the test conditions to cover. Testing based on a systematic analysis of e. The degree to which an assessment can be made for a component or system of either the impact of one or more intended changes, the diagnosis of deficiencies or causes of failures , or the identification of parts to be modified.
Any condition that deviates from expectation based on requirements specifications , design documents, user documents, standards , etc. Software that is used to detect and inhibit malware. Testing performed by submitting commands to the software under test using programming interfaces of the application directly. A document summarizing the assessment results, e. A condition that cannot be decomposed, i. A path or means by which an attacker can gain access to a system for malicious purposes.
A person or process that attempts to access data, functions or other restricted areas of the system without authorization , potentially with malicious intent. The capability of the software product to be attractive to the user. An independent examination of a work product, process , or set of processes that is performed by a third party to assess compliance with specifications , standards , contractual agreements, or other criteria. A procedure determining whether a person or a process is, in fact, who or what it is declared to be.
Permission given to a user or process to access resources. Defect density of a component of the test automation code. One of four levels that specify the item's or element's necessary requirements of ISO and safety measures to avoid an unreasonable residual risk. The degree to which a component or system is operational and accessible when required for use. Testing to compare two or more variants of a test item or a simulation model of the same test item by executing the same test cases on all variants and comparing the results. A strategic tool for measuring whether the operational activities of a company are aligned with its objectives in terms of business vision and strategy.
The response of a component or system to a set of input values and preconditions. A superior method or innovative practice that contributes to the improved performance of an organization under given context, usually recognized as "best" by other peer organizations. Simulated or actual operational testing conducted at an external site, by roles outside the development organization.
Testing, either functional or non-functional, without reference to the internal structure of the component or system.
Konzepte und Anwendungen
A network of compromised computers, called bots or robots, which is controlled by a third party and used to transmit malware or spam, or to launch attacks. A minimum or maximum value of an ordered equivalence partition. A black-box test technique in which test cases are designed based on boundary values. A white-box test design technique in which test cases are designed to execute branches.
A publicly displayed chart that depicts the outstanding effort versus time in an iteration. A framework that describes the key elements of an effective product development and maintenance process. A test automation approach, where inputs to the test object are recorded during manual testing in order to generate automated test scripts that could be executed later i. A type of test execution tool where inputs are recorded during manual testing in order to generate automated test scripts that can be executed later i.
Acronym for Computer Aided Software Testing. A graphical representation used to organize and display the interrelationships of various possible root causes of a problem. A black-box test design technique in which test cases are designed from cause-effect graphs. The process of confirming that a component , system or person complies with its specified requirements , e. The capability of the software product to enable specified modifications to be implemented.
An experience-based test technique whereby the experienced tester uses a high-level list of items to be noted, checked, or remembered, or a set of rules or criteria against which a product has to be verified. A tree showing equivalence partitions hierarchically ordered, which is used to design test cases in the classification tree method. Testing performed by submitting commands to the software under test using a dedicated command-line interface.
A system in which the controlling action or input is dependent on the output or changes in output. Acronym for Capability Maturity Model Integration. An analysis method that determines which parts of the software have been executed covered by the test suite and which parts have not been executed, e. Excessive emotional or psychological dependence on another person, specifically in trying to change that person's current undesirable behavior while supporting them in continuing that behavior.
A standard that describes the characteristics of a design or a design description of data or program components. The degree to which a component or system can perform its required functions while sharing an environment and resources with other components or systems without a negative impact on any of them.
A decision table in which combinations of inputs that are impossible or lead to the same outputs are merged into one column rule , by setting the conditions that do not influence the outputs to don't care. A black-box test design technique in which test cases are designed to execute specific combinations of values of several parameters. A software product that is developed for the general market, i. The degree to which a component or system can exchange information with other components or systems.
A computer program that translates programs expressed in a high-order language into their machine language equivalents. The capability of the software product to adhere to standards , conventions or regulations in laws and similar prescriptions. Testing to determine the compliance of the component or system. Testing performed to expose defects in the interfaces and interactions between integrated components. A description of a component 's function in terms of its output values for specified input values under specified conditions , and required non-functional behavior e.
The testing of individual hardware or software components. The practice of determining how a security attack has succeeded and assessing the damage caused. The percentage of condition outcomes that have been exercised by a test suite. A white-box test design technique in which test cases are designed to execute condition outcomes. In managing project risks , the period of time within which a contingency action must be implemented in order to be effective in reducing the impact of the risk.
The composition of a component or system as defined by the number, nature, and interconnections of its constituent parts. An aggregation of work products that is designated for configuration management and treated as a single entity in the configuration management process. A discipline applying technical and administrative direction and surveillance to identify and document the functional and physical characteristics of a configuration item , control changes to those characteristics, record and report change processing and implementation status, and verify compliance with specified requirements.
A tool that provides support for the identification and control of configuration items , their status over changes and versions, and the release of baselines consisting of configuration items. Dynamic testing conducted after fixing defects with the objective to confirm that failures caused by those defects do not occur anymore.
A test strategy whereby the test team relies on the input of one or more key stakeholders to determine the details of the strategy. A process model providing a detailed description of good engineering practices, e.
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Users, tasks, equipment hardware, software and materials , and the physical and social environments in which a software product is used. A capability maturity model structure wherein capability levels provide a recommended order for approaching process improvement within specified process areas. Acceptance testing conducted to verify whether a system satisfies its contractual requirements.
A statistical process control tool used to monitor a process and determine whether it is statistically controlled. The sequence in which operations are performed during the execution of a test item. A form of static analysis based on a control flow graph. An abstract representation of all possible control flows through a component or system. A test technique in which test cases are designed on the basis of control flows. A metric that shows progress toward a defined criterion, e.
Testing of software used to convert data from existing systems for use in replacement systems. A dashboard -style representation of the status of corporate performance data. The total costs incurred on quality activities and issues and often split into prevention costs, appraisal costs, internal failure costs and external failure costs. The degree to which specified coverage items have been determined or have been exercised by a test suite expressed as a percentage. An attribute or combination of attributes that is derived from one or more test conditions by using a test technique that enables the measurement of the thoroughness of the test execution.
A tool that provides objective measures of what structural elements, e. An element necessary for an organization or project to achieve its mission. A content-based model for test process improvement built around twelve critical processes. A vulnerability that allows attackers to inject malicious code into an otherwise benign website.
Software developed specifically for a set of users or customers. The maximum number of linear, independent paths through a program. A development activity whereby a complete system is compiled and linked every day often overnight , so that a consistent system is available at any time including all latest changes.
A representation of dynamic measurements of operational performance for some organization or activity, using metrics represented via metaphors such as visual dials, counters, and other devices resembling those on the dashboard of an automobile, so that the effects of events or activities can be easily understood and related to operational goals. An executable statement where a variable is assigned a value.
An abstract representation of the sequence and possible changes of the state of data objects, where the state of an object is any of creation, usage, or destruction. A form of static analysis based on the definition and usage of variables. A white-box test technique in which test cases are designed to execute definition-use pairs of variables. The protection of personally identifiable information or otherwise sensitive information from undesired disclosure.
A scripting technique that stores test input and expected results in a table or spreadsheet, so that a single control script can execute all of the tests in the table. The process of finding , analyzing and removing the causes of failures in software. A tool used by programmers to reproduce failures , investigate the state of programs and find the corresponding defect.
A type of statement in which a choice between two or more possible outcomes controls which set of actions will result. The percentage of all condition outcomes and decision outcomes that have been exercised by a test suite. A white-box test design technique in which test cases are designed to execute condition outcomes and decision outcomes. The result of a decision that determines the next statement to be executed. A table used to show sets of conditions and the actions resulting from them.
A white-box test technique in which test cases are designed to execute decision outcomes. An imperfection or deficiency in a work product where it does not meet its requirements or specifications. The number of defects per unit size of a work product. The number of defects found by a test level , divided by the number found by that test level and any other means afterwards.
The process of recognizing and recording defects , classifying them, investigating them, taking action to resolve them, and disposing of them when resolved. A cross-functional team of stakeholders who manage reported defects from initial detection to ultimate resolution defect removal, defect deferral, or report cancellation. A tool that facilitates the recording and status tracking of defects.
Documentation of the occurrence, nature, and status of a defect. A system of hierarchical categories designed to be a useful aid for reproducibly classifying defects. The association of a definition of a variable with the subsequent use of that variable. A physical or logical subnetwork that contains and exposes an organization's external-facing services to an untrusted network, commonly the Internet.
An iterative four-step problem -solving process plan-do-check-act typically used in process improvement. A security attack that is intended to overload the system with requests such that legitimate requests cannot be serviced. The phase within the IDEAL model where it is determined where one is, relative to where one wants to be. A black-box test design technique that is used to identify efficient and effective test cases when multiple variables can or should be tested together. The process of evaluating behavior , e. A tool that provides run-time information on the state of the software code.
Testing that involves the execution of the software of a component or system. Extent to which correct and complete goals are achieved. Resources expended in relation to the extent with which users achieve specified goals. Acronym for European Foundation for Quality Management excellence model. A development lifecycle sub-model that applies an iterative approach to detailed design, coding and testing within an overall sequential model. The ability, capacity, and skill to identify, assess, and manage the emotions of one's self, of others, and of groups.
A device, computer program, or system that accepts the same inputs and produces the same outputs as a given system. The process of encoding information so that only authorized parties can retrieve the original information, usually by means of a specific decryption key or process.
The set of conditions for officially starting a defined task. An executable statement or process step which defines a point at which a given process is intended to begin. An abstraction of the real environment of a component or system including other components , processes, and environment conditions , in a real-time simulation.
A portion of the value domain of a data element related to the test object for which all values are expected to be treated the same based on the specification. The percentage of equivalence partitions that have been exercised by a test suite. A black-box test technique in which test cases are designed to exercise equivalence partitions by using one representative member of each partition. A test technique in which tests are derived on the basis of the tester 's knowledge of past failures , or general knowledge of failure modes.
The ability of a system or component to continue normal operation despite the presence of erroneous inputs. A defect that was not detected in a previous test level which is supposed to find such type of defects. The phase within the IDEAL model where the specifics of how an organization will reach its destination are planned. European Foundation for Quality Management excellence model.
A non-prescriptive framework for an organization's quality management system , defined and owned by the European Foundation for Quality Management, based on five 'Enabling' criteria covering what an organization does , and four 'Results' criteria covering what an organization achieves. A statement which, when compiled, is translated into object code, and which will be executed procedurally when the program is running and may perform an action on data. A program element is said to be exercised by a test case when the input value causes the execution of that element, such as a statement , decision , or other structural element.
A test approach in which the test suite comprises all combinations of input values and preconditions. The set of conditions for officially completing a defined task. An executable statement or process step which defines a point at which a given process is intended to cease. The predicted observable behavior of a component or system executing under specified conditions , based on its specification or another source.
An informal usability review in which the reviewers are experts. An approach to testing whereby the testers dynamically design and execute tests based on their knowledge, exploration of the test item and the results of previous tests. A software engineering methodology used within Agile software development whereby core practices are programming in pairs, doing extensive code review , unit testing of all code, and simplicity and clarity in code. The leader and main person responsible for an inspection or review process. A test is deemed to fail if its actual result does not match its expected result.
Testing by simulating failure modes or actually causing failures in a controlled environment. An event in which a component or system does not perform a required function within specified limits. The physical or functional manifestation of a failure. A systematic approach to risk identification and analysis of identifying possible modes of failure and attempting to prevent their occurrence. The ratio of the number of failures of a given category to a given unit of measure. A test result which fails to identify the presence of a defect that is actually present in the test object.
A test result in which a defect is reported although no such defect actually exists in the test object.
Directed and focused attempt to evaluate a specific quality characteristic of a test object by attempting to force specific failures to occur. The process of intentionally adding defects to a system for the purpose of finding out whether the system can detect, and possibly recover from, a defect. The process of intentionally adding defects to those already in the component or system for the purpose of monitoring the rate of detection and removal, and estimating the number of remaining defects.
A tool for seeding i. The capability of the software product to maintain a specified level of performance in cases of software faults defects or of infringement of its specified interface. A technique used to analyze the causes of faults defects. A path for which a set of input values and preconditions exists which causes it to be executed. An attribute of a component or system specified or implied by requirements documentation for example reliability , usability or design constraints. An iterative and incremental software development process driven from a client-valued functionality feature perspective.
A result of an evaluation that identifies some important issue, problem , or opportunity. A computational model consisting of a finite number of states and transitions between those states, possibly with accompanying actions. A component or set of components that controls incoming and outgoing network traffic based on predetermined security rules. A type of review that follows a defined process with a formally documented output. A type of evaluation designed and used to improve the quality of a component or system , especially when it is still being designed.
Method aiming to measure the size of the functionality of an information system. An integration approach that combines the components or systems for the purpose of getting a basic functionality working early. A requirement that specifies a function that a component or system must be able to perform. The degree to which a component or system provides functions that meet stated and implied needs when used under specified conditions. Testing conducted to evaluate the compliance of a component or system with functional requirements.
The process of testing to determine the functionality of a software product. A software testing technique used to discover security vulnerabilities by inputting massive amounts of random data, called fuzz, to the component or system. Representation of the layers, components , and interfaces of a test automation architecture , allowing for a structured and modular approach to implement test automation. An approach to software measurement using a three-level model conceptual level goal , operational level question and quantitative level metric.
Testing performed by interacting with the software under test via the graphical user interface. A person or organization who is actively involved in security attacks , usually with malicious intent. Dynamic testing performed using real hardware with integrated software in a simulated environment. Testing performed to expose defects in the interfaces and interaction between hardware and software components. Transformation of a variable length string of characters into a usually shorter fixed-length value or key. A technique used to characterize the elements of risk.
A usability review technique that targets usability problems in the user interface or user interface design. A test case without concrete values for input data and expected results. The tracing of requirements for a test level through the layers of test documentation e.
An approach to design that aims to make software products more usable by focusing on the use of the software products and applying human factors, ergonomics, and usability knowledge and techniques. A tool used to check that no broken hyperlinks are present on a web site. An organizational improvement model that serves as a roadmap for initiating, planning, and implementing improvement actions. The identification of all work products affected by a change, including an estimate of the resources needed to accomplish the change.
The process of recognizing and recording incidents , classifying them, investigating them, taking action to resolve them, and disposing of them when resolved. A tool that facilitates the recording and status tracking of incidents. Documentation of the occurrence, nature, and status of an incident. A development lifecycle model in which the project scope is generally determined early in the project lifecycle, but time and cost estimates are routinely modified as the project team understanding of the product increases.
Separation of responsibilities, which encourages the accomplishment of objective testing. A measure that provides an estimate or evaluation of specified attributes derived from a model with respect to defined information needs. A path that cannot be exercised by any set of possible input values. Measures that protect and defend information and information systems by ensuring their availability , integrity, authentication , confidentiality, and non-repudiation.
The protection of information and information systems from unauthorized access, use, disclosure, disruption, modification, or destruction in order to provide confidentiality, integrity, and availability. Data received by a component or system from an external source. Testing performed by people who are co-located with the project team but are not fellow employees. A type of formal review to identify issues in a work product, which provides measurement to improve the review process and the software development process.
The capability of the software product to be installed in a specified environment. Testing the installability of a software product. Supplied instructions on any suitable media, which guides the installer through the installation process. Supplied software on any suitable media, which leads the installer through the installation process. The process of combining components or systems into larger assemblies. Testing performed to expose defects in the interfaces and in the interactions between integrated components or systems.
An integration test type that is concerned with testing the interfaces between components or systems. The degree to which two or more components or systems can exchange information and use the information that has been exchanged. Testing to determine the interoperability of a software product.
A system which monitors activities on the 7 layers of the OSI model from network to application level, to detect violations of the security policy. Testing using input values that should be rejected by the component or system. A development lifecycle where a project is broken into a usually large number of iterations.
A scripting technique that uses data files to contain not only test data and expected results , but also keywords related to the application being tested. The person who leads an assessment. The capability of the software product to enable the user to learn its application. The phase within the IDEAL model where one learns from experiences and improves one's ability to adopt new processes and technologies in the future. The level to which a test object is modified by adjusting it for testability. A test plan that typically addresses one test level. A description of the processes, workflows, and activities used in the development, delivery, maintenance , and retirement of a system.
A simple scripting technique without any control structure in the test scripts. Documentation defining a designated number of virtual users who process a defined set of transactions in a specified time period that a component or system being tested may experience in production. A type of performance testing conducted to evaluate the behavior of a component or system under varying loads, usually between anticipated conditions of low, typical, and peak usage.
A test case with concrete values for input data and expected results. The degree to which a component or system can be modified by the intended maintainers. The process of modifying a component or system after delivery to correct defects , improve quality attributes , or adapt to a changed environment.
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Testing the changes to an operational system or the impact of a changed environment to an operational system. Static analysis aiming to detect and remove malicious code received at an interface. A systematic evaluation of software acquisition, supply, development, operation, or maintenance process , performed by or on behalf of management that monitors progress, determines the status of plans and schedules, confirms requirements and their system allocation, or evaluates the effectiveness of management approaches to achieve fitness for purpose.
A view of quality , whereby quality is measured by the degree to which a product or service conforms to its intended design and requirements. A test plan that is used to coordinate multiple test levels or test types. Degree of process improvement across a predefined set of process areas in which all goals in the set are attained. A structured collection of elements that describe certain aspects of maturity in an organization, and aid in the definition and understanding of an organization's processes. The arithmetic mean average time between failures of a system.
The arithmetic mean average time a system will take to recover from any failure. The number or category assigned to an attribute of an entity by making a measurement. The process of assigning a number or category to an entity to describe an attribute of that entity. A table containing different test approaches, testing techniques and test types that are required depending on the Automotive Safety Integrity Level ASIL and on the context of the test object. A test strategy whereby the test team uses a pre-determined set of test conditions such as a quality standard , a checklist, or a collection of generalized, logical test conditions which may relate to a particular domain, application or type of testing.
A measurement scale and the method used for measurement. A point in time in a project at which defined intermediate deliverables and results should be ready. A diagram used to represent words, ideas, tasks, or other items linked to and arranged around a central keyword or idea. Dynamic testing performed using a simulation model of the system in a simulated environment.
A test strategy whereby the test team derives testware from models. A tool that supports the creation, amendment and verification of models of the software or system. A neutral person who conducts a usability test session. The percentage of all single condition outcomes that independently affect a decision outcome that have been exercised by a test case suite. A white-box test design technique in which test cases are designed to execute single condition outcomes that independently affect a decision outcome.
The percentage of combinations of all single condition outcomes within one statement that have been exercised by a test suite. A white-box test design technique in which test cases are designed to execute combinations of single condition outcomes within one statement. An indicator of psychological preference representing the different personalities and communication styles of people.
Tests aimed at showing that a component or system does not work. A form of integration testing where all of the nodes that connect to a given node are the basis for the integration testing. A sub-network with a defined level of trust. We realized that these business applications became relevant to the marketing professionals and to service providers who want to upgrade the type of services they provide. Most recently — end of — we changed dramatically our approach to cross media, introducing Open XM and Cross Media 2.
Jacob Aizikowitz: With Cross Media 2. This made our solution an open platform, enabling state-of-the-art digital while still using the XMPie personalization so that print and digital — while being each state-of-the-art — will be synergistic, consistent, and effective. The heart of Cross Media 2. It also allows to develop mobile apps and responsive designs. Jacob Aizikowitz: Yes and no. Most important was that we learned through the years what the customers of our customers wanted. Those are business people and they need business tools to manage marketing and communication campaigns properly.
Finally we learned and promoted: multichannel includes multitouch functionalities! Jacob Aizikowitz: …indeed. But what we never changed is our original design. Our fundamental view was right and still is! From the very beginning we give a lot of value to our customers helping them find the right balance of technology and client needs.
It is always important for us to understand the business as well as to understand the technology. In summary, what is the secret of all those technical inventions you made via XMPie? Jacob Aizikowitz: There are three main aspects: 1. Understanding the market and where its going. Understanding how to apply technology in an innovative and elegant way in order to enable the market trends and address its emerging needs. A holistic view at solutions, which was also reflected in our tag line: One to One in One.
What are the top criteria to characterize that? Jacob Aizikowitz: I agree. Team work is a must. Our top criteria are: Smart people who bring new dimensions and flavours of technologies. Digitalisation changes everything — all kind of biz, marketing and communication processes. IoT and Industry 4.
Is this a threat or a chance? Jacob Aizikowitz: Tough question but not that difficult to answer. IoT means everything is connected. So in fact we have more data to deal with. That works well because we are already familiar in handling huge amounts of data. Industry 4. So, these are synergistic trends. Jacob Aizikowitz: The big challenge in my view: automation of the conversation.
Therefore we made a big progress and are able to offer a special solution, named Circle which leads you from storyboarding to campaign automation. Note: Circle is a Software-as-a-Service SaaS solution for managing your multichannel plus multitouch marketing campaigns. Users can track results and find out which messages are working best with which people, in which context and in which media a.
Circle seems to be the next big step based on a new business level for your customers? Jacob Aizikowitz: Surely. In any case XMPie is an enabler for Industry 4. Automating the dialogue with the individual, while keeping it engaging, relevant, and effective is the main challenge; this is extremely challenging when the dialogue spans print and digital touch points. All under one roof — One to One in One. Sounds good for your customers. Jacob Aizikowitz: We aim to provide our customers with technology that will allow them to stay relevant and attractive to their customers.
Some were influenced by our technology innovation to take the visionary view and go after their dreams. Jacob Aizikowitz: We are happy about being a challenger. Gartner addresses a number of other players who make technology integratable with other systems. Their focus is on customer communication management [CCM]. The notion of CCM was invented as an evolution of transpromo coming from transaction document management solutions. But with XMPie we made already a step ahead: our technology is accessible and much more open following the new paradigm of multichannel and multitouch.
Multichannel is one of the trade show high-lights. The drupa motto: Touch the future. What is your guideline and vision to create further success? I recognize the fact that graphic arts and print service providers PSP are solid customer bases. Going after multichannel vision is now very critical for PSPs. This is because the enterprises — the brands — are shifting at light speed rates to individualization, dialogues, nurturing, automation a.
Except that they have no clue how to properly blend it with multichannel that has print media in it. The PSPs must shift their business and capabilities to multichannel and automation in order to provide their customers with services that match their needs as they the brands shift to digital and automatic individualized marketing. Our technology is a critical enabler for these transformations that the PSPs must make ; and it is our goal to continuously innovate to make sure that we stays relevant, technology-wise, for our customers!
You mean at drupa there are still opportunities to transform established print businesses? Jacob Aizikowitz: Certainly. The opportunities are huge especially when relating to digital printing business models beyond online printing. It is all about bridging concepts and technologies to be still relevant to new customers needs. With our recently released Cross Media 2. This opens the door to state of the art digital solutions, to collaboration, and consistency and synergy between the digital and print media touch points in a dialogue.
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In addition for a future multichannel success all kind of brands and enterprises are relevant. We have to continue to involve and to guide them step by step to experience our drupa presentation. You serve a range of premium marketing service solution providers around the globe. From your point of view, what make them unique? Jacob Aizikowitz: Most of our customers are serving their customers in the best way to achieve a sustainable benefit from multichannel communication success.
They had in an early phase clear visions to change what they did and are able to transform it into new business opportunities. It is all about the readiness to embrace innovation! Do you agree or disagree? Jacob Aizikowitz: Of course I agree. The digital age is the age of the customer. Your audience is always connected. You have to become part of their conversation and to be connected all the time. To create reach and awareness by mass media is no longer working in the same way as in the past.
Brands are interested in a relationship, a dialogue, on-going, continuous, with their consumers or prospects. One exciting avenue for such a relationship between the brand and its consumers is something most digital-centric brand marketers have not yet seen — its packaging. The package — a nicely engaging and attractive piece — is the perfect starting touch point for a dialogue with the mobile-holding individual. The ability to offer multichannel in a packaging context is hot and attractive, and we enable this.
So the best and most desirable example comes from the packaging world. Brand owners realized that a package achieved by a consumer is not the end of the story. It is the starting point of a conversation which will be managed by innovative multichannel communication processes. This is a huge opportunity for our customers to develop breathtaking new applications. Thanks for the great conversation, Jacob. What is the essence to summarize our talk? Jacob Aizikowitz: Finally, it is all about strategy and technology. We kept our strategy pretty much consistent through the years.
Main changes were adding Web2Print, adding Analytics, adding Campaign Management Circle , and revising our approach to cross media. This last point is what we call Cross Media 2. The reason this last point is important is because a service provider who wants to provide Multichannel services, must recognize that its customers most likely have capability in web design, web sites, etc. The brands most likely have a web team or a digital agency.
So, for our customer to offer multichannel they cannot just dismiss the brands web team or web agency. With Cross Media 2. In summary: It is all about to enable creating individually relevant and timely interactive customer communications that span time and a mix of digital and print media touch points. XMPie has since grown to become the leading brand for integrated cross-media personalization solutions. These technologies, together with work by Adobe and Apple, brought user-friendly, quality-color to desktop publishing.
The success of VPS, indirectly, inspired the founding of XMPie, and promoted the vision of cross media personalization and the democratization of variable data publishing. Im Gegenteil. Unser Fokus in der Berichterstattung und Kommentierung wird sich am o. Erstens durch eine hundertprozentige Multichannel-Ausrichtung bei der Fachkommunikation per ValuePublishing.
Zweitens durch die Adressierung neuer Zielgruppen aus der Kultur- und Kreativwirtschaft — mit ihren Mrd. Inhaltlich begleiten wir hochaktuell und in Echtzeit alle drupa Highlight-Themen. Oder, wenn wir unsere Analysen via Canon Expo betrachten, dass der Imaging-Konzern Canon wohl als einziger Aussteller alle sechs drupa Highlight-Themen abdecken wird! Once again I will only highlight the odd article as there are just too many and the whole update would become too cumbersome to wade through.
Please scroll through them carefully, as there are so many really good articles, and many important announcements, as well as numerous excellent recent orders and installations: led by Manroland Web Systems on Monday for another new Lithoman web — this time for North America; followed on Wednesday by a very large sheetfed order for Heidelberg in Sweden. You will also find new kit and new consumables announcements this week from Rotoflex , Ricoh , Meech with Xeikon ; Onyx for Epson ; Hybrid Software, and lastly from Flint Group with a new lightweight sleeve for flexo.
On Thursday, EFI announced excellent results for its fourth quarter and year ended 31 December, ; and then came back on Friday with its latest move in China; and also with a special report out of Connect , where EFI revealed its clear and focused picture of the future of printing, and how it plans to respond to market changes.
On Saturday as a late addition, Xerox took the headlines with its Fourth Quarter and earnings… plus a surprise announcement following a comprehensive structural review, that the Company is to separate into two Public Companies by the end of Buy one copy of QuarkXPress and get one free Until 15 February, everyone who purchases or upgrades to QuarkXPress will receive a second license free….
Flint Group launches new Rotec Lightweight Sleeve Plate mounting sleeve for conventional plate mounting with weight savings up to 40 per cent is now available from Flint Group…. Large Format and Wide Format inkjet printing Touch the future. Three Challenges for Applications. In: Evaluation Vol. Albrecht, M. Zur territorialen Steuerung von Nachhaltigkeit. Alungas experiencias de la Universidad del Sarre. Economics and Human Biology, Vol. Umweltpsychologie, Jg, Nr. Die Betriebswirtschaft, In: Wilhelm, J. Neuauflage Im Erscheinen. Hennefeld, Vera Wirkungsevaluation von Veranstaltungen zur themenspezifischen Sensibilisierung.
In: Hense, J. Zwischenbilanz der Bildungsoffensive Elbinseln. Appetite, Vol. Schmalenbach Business Review, Bettina Von der Idee zur Institution. Stockmann, Reinhard Evaluation und Gesellschaft. Theory, Practice and Quality Assurance. Berlin: Lit, S. Berlin: Raabe, S.
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May, Christina; Bonu, V. Guenther, D. In: Raggamby, A. Meyer, Wolfgang An introduction to evaluation. In: Stockmann, Reinhard ed. Stockmann, Reinhard Introduction: what do we need evaluation for? Stockmann, Reinhard Organizational aspects of evaluations. Silvestrini, Stefan Evaluation designs. Meyer, Wolfgang Measuring: indicators - scales - indices - interpretations. Meyer, Wolfgang Data collection: surveys - observations - non-reactive procedures.
Meyer, Wolfgang Reporting. Evaluation Review, Vol. In: Welt-Sichten, Heft 7. Stockmann, Reinhard Reporting. In: Stockmann, Reinhard Ed. Fuhrmann et al. In: Rampeltshammer, L. Meyer, Wolfgang; Raab, D. Eine Analyse im Auftrag des Verbraucherzentrale Bundesverbandes e. In Campbell, Margaret C. In Brady, Michael K. Hennefeld, Vera; Metje, Ute M. Hennefeld, Vera Der gesellschaftliche Stellenwert von Evaluation. In: Magazin Forschung. Stockmann, Reinhard Big push for development or erosion of local livelihood? Rural 21 — International Journal for Rural Development 44 2 : GTZ: Eschborn.
Silvestrini, Stefan Das Umweltverhalten von Handwerksbetrieben. In: Bora, Alfons et. Berlin, Edition Sigma. In Reynolds, K. Warum, was, wann und wie? In: Arbeitskammer des Saarlandes Hg. In: Arbeitnehmer. Zeitschrift der Arbeitskammer des Saarlandes, Akteure, Strukturen und Wirkungen. Jahrgang, Heft IV. Fabian Hrsg. Duscha, M. In: Arnold, R. Klinkhardt Verlag UTB. In: K. Ermert Hg. Schneider, Vera Was ist eine gute Evaluation? In Brown, J. Journal of Advertising Research, Vol.
Heidelberg: Springer. Meyer, Wolfgang; Reade, N. In: Stockmann, Reinhard Hg. Meyer, Wolfgang Organisatorischer Ablauf von Evaluationen. Silvestrini, Stefan Reporting. Stockmann Hrsg. Meyer, Wolfgang Wozu brauchen wir Evaluation? Loock, F. Berlin: Raabe. In: Bora, A. Berlin: Edition Sigma. In Dixon, A. Berlin: Raabe-Verlag. Stockmann, Reinhard Evaluation als Instrument der kulturpolitischen Steuerung. In: Erfolgreich Kultur finanzieren. In: Dieter Schimanke Hg.
Ein Werkstattbericht. Heft 2. In: Pati, R. Printworld, pp. In: George, C. Meyer, Wolfgang; Elbe, S. In: Schubert, U. Experiences from Eighteen German Regions. In: Cheshire, L. Higgins L. Geschichte und Vielfalt eines Begriffs. In: Querbrief 2 , pp. Meyer, Wolfgang; Martinuzzi, A. Schneider, Vera Markenbeziehung und Konsumentenreaktion auf negative Medieninformationen.
In: W. Holtappels, M. Brohm Hg. In: Peking University Education Review. Stockmann, Reinhard Evaluation von Netzwerksteuerung. Bonn, DAAD. Schorndorf, Hofmann. Stockmann, Reinhard Evaluation im Saarland - Eine politische Modellregion sucht und findet den fachlichen Austausch.
Silvestrini, Stefan Evaluation von Nachhaltigkeitskommunikation. In: Michelsen, G. Handbuch Nachhaltigkeitskommunikation. Grundlagen und Praxis. Problems and Perspectives for Communicating Sustainable Development. Capacity Building for Steering Sustainable Development. Manchester University, Meyer, Wolfgang; Elbe, Sebastian Regulation, Responsibility and Representation: Challenges for intra-organisational c o m m u n i c a t i o n. In: Demirag, I. Sheffield UK , Greenleaf Publishing. Vortrag auf der 2.
Ansatz und Erfahrungen am Beispiel des Bildungszentrums Kirkel. Heinrich, Tina; Meyer, Wolfgang Can we personally influence the future with our present resources? Washington D. USA , Meyer, Wolfgang; Gros, C. In: Descy, P. Impact of education and training. Third report on vocational training research in Europe: background report, Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communi t i es Cedefop Reference series Perspectives and Problems in the German Rural Sector.
Paper prepared for the XI. World Congress of Rural Sociology — Globalisation, Risks and Resistance in rural economics and societies, Trondheim July 25 — 30, supposed to be published online in the conference proceedings. Concepts and Practice in International Perspective. Meyer, Wolfgang Berufsbildung braucht neue Impulse. In: Berufsbildung in Wissenschaft und Praxis. In: D. Meister, S-O. Tergan u. Zentel Hrsg. Zielrichtungen, methodologische Aspekte, Zukunftsperspektiven.
Waxmann Verlag, Girardet Hrsg. Ziele-Wege- Probleme. Stockmann, Reinhard Evaluationsforschung — Ansatz und Methoden. In: Hochschulrektorenkonferenz Hrsg. Bielefeld: Bertelsmann, Stockmann, Reinhard Was ist eine gute Evaluation? Ermert Hrsg. Jahrbuch der Absatz- und Verbrauchsforschung, In Wiedmann, Klaus-Peter Hrsg.
Selbststeuerung nachhaltiger Entwicklung zwischen Anspruch und Wirklichkeit.
Table of contents
Meyer, Wolfgang Nachhaltige Entwicklung ohne Staat? A new Approach based on a German Example. Stockmann, Reinhard Network Failures. How realistic is durable cooperation in global governance? In: punkt. Teil II: Erziehungs- und Politikwissenschaften. Teil I: Soziologie und Psychologie. In: Linne, G. Wie ist nachhaltiges Wirtschaften machbar? In: Allmendinger, J. Verhandlungen des In: Aus Politik und Zeitgeschichte, B In: G.
Linne u. Schwarz Hrsg. Stockmann, Reinhard Nachhaltige Entwicklung ohne Staat? In: Entstaatlichung und soziale Sicherheit. In: Ch. Igel u. Daugs: e-Learning in Sportwissenschaft und Sport. Schorndorf: Hofmann. Stockmann, Reinhard Was versteht man unter arm? Science Factory, 5. In Zabel, Hans-Ulrich Hrsg. In: Stockmann, Reinhard; Meyer, W.
Meyer, Wolfgang Was ist Evaluation? In: Brickwedde, F. Internationale Sommerakademie in St. Meyer, Wolfgang Evaluationsstudien zu den Diffusionswirkungen von Umweltberatung. Meyer, Wolfgang Building Bridges to Ecology: the impact of environmental communication programs in German business. In: Greening of Industry Network eds. Governance for Sustainability in Gothenburg June Meyer, Wolfgang Measuring the Impact of Vocational Training Projects erscheint auf russischer Sprache in einer russischen Berufsbildungszeitschrift. New challenges for the state, business and civil society.
In: Scherhorn, G. In: Biermann, F. Meyer, Wolfgang Themenfelder der Evaluation. Meyer, Wolfgang Evaluation im Rahmen des Kromrey, H. Meyer, Wolfgang Nachhaltigkeit der Entwicklungszusammenarbeit. Ein mehrdimensionales Nachhaltigkeitskonzept und seine Anwendung. In: V. Windisch Hg. Bern u. Stockmann, Reinhard Quo vadis Soziologie? In: R. Stockmann, W. Meyer u. Knoll: Soziologie im Wandel. Stockmann, Reinhard Soziologie, die Erfolgsgeschichte eines akademischen Faches.
Stockmann, Reinhard Evaluation der Umweltberatungsprojekte des Bundesumweltminis-teriums und des Umweltbundesamtes. Berlin: UBA-Textreihe. Stockmann, Reinhard Evaluation als integriertes Lehr- und Forschungsprogramm. Empirische Studie zur kognitiven Verankerung des Car-Sharing. Nauck, B. In: Schulz, W. In: Urbahn, J. Konferenz der Deutschen Bundesstiftung Umwelt am Oktober in Bonn, Bielefeld: W.
Bertelsmann Verlag Umweltschutz in der beruflichen Bildung Heft 74, hg. In: Entwicklung und Zusammenarbeit. In: Stockmann, Reinhard; u. Stockmann, Reinhard Evaluation entwicklungspolitischer Wirkungen in der staatlichen Zusammenarbeit. In: Kurt Hammerich u. Bettina Franke. Sankt Augustin: Academia. Band 2 Anwendungen, Berlin u. Blien, U. Knoll, T. Meyer, Wolfgang Umweltberatung als organisierter Informationstransfer. Bertelsmann Verlag, S. Meyer, Wolfgang Evaluationen im Umweltbereich.
Ein Beitrag zum nachhaltigen Wirtschaften? In: Stockmann, Reinhard; Hg. Stockmann, Reinhard Evaluation staatlicher Entwicklungspolitik. In: Soziologie. Stockmann, Reinhard Wirkungsevaluation in der Entwicklungspolitik. In: Vierteljahreshefte zur Wirtschaftsforschung. Stockmann, Reinhard Evaluation der Nachhaltigkeit von Umweltberatungsprogrammen: Theoretische und methodische Grundlagen. In: M. Stockmann, Hj. Gaus Hg. Bielefeld: Bertelsmann. Bertelsmann, S. International Journal of Sociology. In: Grenzenlose Gesellschaft?
Pfaffenweiler: Centaurus-Verlagsgesellschaft. Stockmann, Reinhard Grenzenlose Evaluation? Pfaffenweiler: Centaurus Verlagsgesellschaft. Typologie der Implementationsversuche und ihrer Strategien. UmweltWirtschaftsForum uwf , 7. Stockmann, Reinhard Kleine Entwicklungsgeschichte der Evaluationsforschung. Ernst Uhe Hg. Joos, M.
In: World Development, Vol. Stockmann, Reinhard Defizite in der Wirkungsbeobachtung. In: Entwicklung und Zusammenarbeit, Heft 8. Reinhard Stockmann Hg. Eine Evaluation der Nachhaltigkeit von Programmen und Projekten. In: Nauck, B. Stuttgart: Enke-Verlag, Meyer, Wolfgang; Crow, K. In: Werner Heitmann u. Wolf-Dietrich Greinert Hg. In: Paul Trappe Hg. Social Strategies, Vol. Stockmann, Reinhard Zur Nachhaltigkeit von Entwicklungsprojekten. In: Dialog-Forum.
In: European Sociological Review, Vol. Stockmann, Reinhard Langfristige Wirkungen - bisher wenig untersucht. In: Entwicklung und Zusammenarbeit, Heft 2. Stockmann, Reinhard Sind Ex-post-Analysen wirklich nutzlos? Stockmann, Reinhard Die Bewertung der Entwicklungszusammenarbeit. Bestandsaufnahme zur Nachhaltigkeit von Entwicklungsprojekten. Stockmann, Reinhard Die Nachhaltigkeit von Berufsbildungsprojekten. Stockmann, Reinhard Nachhaltigkeit. Bilanz eines Themas. A Neglected Field of Research. In: Development and Cooperation, Heft 5.
Stockmann, Reinhard Kolumbien. Bonn: Dietz. Reichert, E. Scheuch und H. Seibel Hg. Stockmann, Reinhard Sektorale Differenzierung der Erwerbschancen durch den wirtschaftlichen Umbau. In: Informationsdienst Soziale Indikatoren Nr. Meyer, Wolfgang Klassenlagen im vereinten Deutschland. In: Meyer, H. Zieschank, R; Landua, D; Meyer, Wolfgang The Relationship between Objective and Subjective Indicators: A reciprocal causation model linking changes in income, income satisfaction and life satisfaction.
In: Hispanorama. Stockmann, Reinhard Die neue Violencia. Kolumbien in der Tradition der Gewalt. In: Ibero-Amerikanisches Archiv. Stockmann, Reinhard Administrative Probleme staatlicher Entwicklungszusammenarbeit. In: Manfred Glagow Hg. Heft 6. Stockmann, Reinhard Umweltberichterstattung in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland.
Institutionen, Datenquellen, Literatur. In: Soziale Welt. In: Die Americas, Vol. Kolumbiens Rechts- und Gesellschaftsordnung droht zu zerbrechen. In: Jahrbuch Dritte Welt. Stockmann, Reinhard Historisch-vergleichende Studien zum langfristigen Wandel der Erwerbsstruktur in Deutschland. In: Historical Social Research. Der Vorbildcharakter kapitalistischer Entwicklungen und seine Folgen. In: Arbeitskreis Swaraj Hrsg. In: Geschichte und Gesellschaft. Deutschen Soziologentages in Dortmund. In: Entwicklung und Zusammenarbeit, Heft 4.
Meyer, Wolfgang; Meyer, C. Stockmann, Reinhard; Meyer, Wolfgang Networks are causing effects — but how?! Impact evaluation of networks. Klier, Sarah; Silvestrini, Stefan Monitoring and Measuring the Results of Interventions related to technical and vocational education and training and the labour market. A guideline for practitioniers. Im Auftrag von Norad, Oslo. Promotion of Reproductive Health, Mongolia. Meyer, Wolfgang; Thomas, S. Evaluationsbericht, im Auftrag des Verbraucherzentrale Bundesverband e.
Evaluationsbericht im Auftrag des Goethe-Instituts. Hennefeld, Vera Evaluation des Mediendialogs mit der Ukraine. Schneider, Vera; Silvestrini, Stefan Program and policy evaluation and regulatory impact assessment. Stockmann, R. Ergebnisse der standardisierten Umfrage. Programmbericht: Environmental Management Accounting. Beitrag zum Jahresbericht der Arbeitskammer des Saarlandes. Schneider, Vera Projekt Evalum.
Vortragsmanuskript zum Gastvortrag bei Prof. Pommerehne am Hennefeld, Vera Evaluation in Deutschland: Professionalisierungsstand und —perspektiven. Zur Notwendigkeit angemessener Konzepte und Methoden. Caspari, Alexandra Culture Matters! Urbahn, Julia [Top]. Particularly in the light of an ever-rising need for evaluations and competencies in the field of evaluation, both partners are zealous to continue the collaboration within the framework of the DAAD funding programme and to expand it sustainably by the integration of a second partnering institute of higher education.
Moreover, the establishment of a Latin American university network in the discipline of evaluation network formation and internationalization , the strengthening of practical orientation within the academic formation in evaluation and the contribution to evidence-based policy making application of scientific evaluative research in political practice , and, eventually, the consolidation and institutional expansion of the cooperation between the universities involved and the research institute CICAP triangular and South-South-cooperation are on the agenda of the program.
The respective cooperation is intended to last for four years Reinhard Stockmann Contact Person: Dr. Stefan Silvestrini Staff: M. Many nations have thus formulated ambitious goals: Mexico for instance is determined to cover one third of its energy production by means of renewable energies by Despite such ambitions however environmental conservation has not been marked by major success to this date. This is partly due to a lack of dispersion of modern environmental technology.
Starting point for any results oriented monitoring is typically an impact model with respective indicators and assumptions. Changes within the mechanisms of cooperation are however rarely or marginally observed under the monitoring component. The program adressed four key areas: health, education, economic development and sponsorships. Three years after the conclusion of the program, World Vision wants to conduct an ex-post evaluation to appraise the sustainability of ist effects. To this end, the Center for Evaluation works with a local Guatemalan consultancy firm CONSULTA on the implementation of a quantitative household survey including a control group and qualitative interviews with the target group and relevant key informants.
Wolfgang Meyer Staff: M.