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Sproul Books That Influenced R. Blog Home. What witnesses does John present? Jesus, God the Son, also bore witness to Himself. Fifth is the witness of Scripture. The eighth witness is the men and women who personally encountered Jesus. One was the Samaritan woman whom Jesus met by the well. When Peter, a Jewish fisherman and one of Jesus' disciples, was asked by Jesus, "who do you say that I am?
While under arrest Jesus admits to the Sanhedrin, that he was the Son of God. They immediately took him to Pontius Pilate where they accused him of claiming to be the Christ Messiah in Greek a king. What is fascinating about this discourse is that the members of the Sanhedrin equated the claim of being "the Son of God" with claiming to be the Christ!
In another passage we see that the Pharisees told Pontius Pilate that the reason they wanted him tried was because Jesus claimed to be the Son of God a title they associated with the Messiah. The point is obvious. Jesus said he was the Son of God, the disciples claimed he was the Son of God and the Pharisees took him to Pilate to be tried for claiming to be the Son of God.
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Now the skeptic might say that this doesn't prove that ancient rabbis believed that the Messiah would be the Son of God. But an examination of early rabbinic literature bolsters this conclusion. In the book of Psalms, chapter two, we have a provocative scripture where God speaks of his anointed servant, and someone whom he calls " my Son! Who is this "anointed one? Most modern rabbis, however, declare that this is not "the Messiah. However, when we examine the ancient rabbinical literature on this Psalm, we find that it is applied to the Messiah in numerous places in the Talmud,  and even in medieval Midrashic rabbinical sources.
In chapter two we saw a fascinating quote in the Midrash which ties the sufferings of the servant in Isaiah 53 with the "anointed one" in Psalm 2 :. So here we see that the Messiah would suffer for our transgressions and afterwards he would be created as a new creature! The writer of this remarkable passage recognized that the suffering servant of Isaiah 53 he was wounded for our transgressions and the "Anointed One" in Psalm two this day I have begotten you were indeed the same individual!
In the Yakult Shemoni, there is a rather provocative commentary regarding the second verse in Psalm 2. The writer of this fascinating commentary declares that the Gentile nations will "crucify the son of the king. This observation comes from a rabbi in the middle ages! In the Babylonian Talmud there is another fascinating discussion about the second Psalm. The writer of this portion of the Talmud quotes multiple passages from Psalm 2 and goes on to apply them as specifically referring to the Messiah. In this section of the Talmud, the rabbis ask the question:.
In this remarkable quotation from the Talmud, we read the rabbis specifically quoting from Psalm 2 and applying it to the battle of Gog and Magog, an end time battle. The writer of this portion specifically applies this to God and his Messiah! In the book of Enoch, one of the Apocryphal books,  dated B.
There are several terms given as specific designations of the Messiah. In chapter we see the Messiah being referred to as "the women's Son. So we can see that the reference to the Messiah being the Son of God was not an unknown concept around the time of Jesus of Nazareth. The discovery and translation of the Dead Sea Scrolls has been a tremendous boost to our understanding of the beliefs and culture of the Jewish people during the first century C.
In the fall of the remaining unpublished portions of the Dead Sea Scrolls were released to libraries around the world. A number of new fragments have come forth which have provided remarkable new insights regarding the Messianic beliefs of the Qumran Jews during that period. The people of the Qumran community, the apparent writers of the scrolls, have been described as "religious end time zealots" by some scholars, and as mainstream Jews by others. One thing is certain, they wrote extensively about the Messiah. Therefore, if the Messiah was believed to be the Son of God by ancient Jews, then it should not be a surprising to find that belief expressed in the writings of the Dead Sea Scrolls.
In fact, that is exactly what we find. A portion of the Dead Sea Scrolls, called the "Son of God" fragment 4Q,  we see an astonishing reference to a supernatural Messiah who is called the Son of God:. The passage is filled with undeniable Messianic images. The writer of this text believed that the Messiah would "judge the earth in righteousness" and that the nations "will bow down to him.
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This Messiah figure is triumphant and exalted and specifically referred to as the "Son of God Son of the Most High! To find a Messianic figure being called "the Son of God," the "Son of the Most High," by the Jewish believers in Qumran, is astonishing and conclusive! To them, the Messiah would be the Son of God!
In another recently published Dead Sea Scroll text, fragment 4Q, we find another reference to a single Messiah figure who also possesses supernatural "god-like" traits. It describes the resurrection of the dead occurring as a result of the Messiah's work. It contains language which parallels the New Testament gospels of Matthew and Luke. In this fascinating text we see a remarkable similarity to the beliefs of Orthodox Christianity regarding the Messiah.
The Jews at Qumran believed that the Messiah would be the Son of God, that he would be a supernatural being, that he would raise the dead, heal the sick and announce glad tidings to the poor. Clearly no ordinary man could do such work. These two scroll fragments are believed by scholars to be as old as B. Most modern rabbis and Jewish Bible scholars claim that the belief that the Messiah would be a supernatural Son of God is a Christian doctrine and not a rabbinical one.
Clearly, however, the evidence from the Talmud and the Dead Sea Scrolls now nullifies that allegation. The Christian Messianic beliefs regarding the "Sonship" and supernatural character of the Messiah are doctrines that were espoused by the Jews at Qumran as well as the Hebrew sages. The evidence speaks for itself. According to the views of ancient Judaism, the Messiah is the Son of God!
King and Messiah as Son of God
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King and Messiah as Son of God - Biblical Archaeology Society
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