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She contributed photo and story suggestions. Street Gangs, Migration and Ethnicity. Most, if not all, countries have street gangs. Browse By Topics. Find in a Library You have clicked. A title search of WorldCat , the world's largest library network, will start when you click "Continue. Learn More. You have selected: This article appears in In WorldCat, verify that the library you select has the specific journal volume and issue in which the article appears.
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Street Gangs, Migration and Ethnicity
To give one example, established debates around crime and media retain in the last instance a fairly clear demarcation between pro- duction and consumption, between object and audience—at best, the audience becomes a co-producer of meaning in the sense that it has the capacity to inflect and shape meaning through the act of reading.
Today we see the admittedly troubling spectacle of young people performing acts of crime and deviance in order to record them, send them and upload them to the Internet. Although Carrabine may not have explored new territory such as this, it is undoubtedly to his credit that he has inspired this reader to ask such questions about the intersections between crime, culture and media in the contemporary world.
It is a diverse collection of papers, emerg- ing from very different contexts, using different methods and partly also dis- cussing highly different phenomena. The main interest of this book is to answer the questions: How does ethnicity relate to gang characteristics and gang behav- iour? And, Is ethnicity relevant for understanding gangs? The book is divided into four different parts.
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The first part is devoted to theoretical and methodological issues. After the introduction, Van Gemert and Decker present an informative chapter that dis- cusses the differences in gang activity and migration between Europe and the USA. In the next chapter Aldridge and colleagues discuss ethical problems of doing gang research, especially related to stigmatization and community concerns.
Vigil presents a rather straightforward chapter about the relationship between time, place and people in the formation of Mexican-American gangs. Immigration is important because it influences all these factors.
Vigil also emphasizes that it seems to be the second generation of immigrants who get involved in crime and form gangs. This point is reflected in many of the other chapters in the book as well. Feixa and colleagues present a study of Latin American young people in Barcelona. As opposed to many of the other contributions, their chapter bene- fits from having an open discussion of the definition of gangs, including the crucial role played by the media. They also benefit from drawing upon rich ethnographic data, which the next two chapters unfortunately do not. Gemert and Stuifbergen then present a typology of groups in conflict and a short but welcome discussion of Lonsdale groups white groups with extreme Right sym- pathies which emphasize gangs are not an ethnic minority phenomenon per se.
In the last chapter of this part Shaskin follows up with a discussion of the emer- gence of racist skinheads in Moscow, based on expert interviews. The third part is devoted to ethnicity and youth gangs.
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Esbensen and his col- leagues present a quantitative study of school children in a selection of US cities. By operationalizating the Eurogang definition of gangs they found that 8. Questions deciding whether or not youth were gang members were: Do you have a group of friends? Does this group spend a lot of time together in public places? Is doing illegal things accepted by or okay for your group?
Do people in your group actually do illegal things together? With these selection criteria it is sur- prising that numbers were not higher and this broad understanding of gangs also clouds the general discussion later.