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References Publications referenced by this paper. Electrical soliton oscillator D. Ricketts , Xiaofeng Li , Donhee Ham. Nonlinear waves and solitons Morikazu Toda. Although the use of deep submicron CMOS processes allows for an unprecedented degree of scaling in digital circuitry, it complicates the implementation and integration of Advanced concepts for wireless communications offer a vision of technology that is embedded in our An increasing number of technologies are being used to detect minute quantities of biomolecules and cells.

However, it can be difficult to determine which technologies show the most promise for high-sensitivity and low-limit detection in different applications. An increasing number of technologies are being used to detect minute quantities of biomolecules and CMOS: Front-End Electronics for Radiation Sensors offers a comprehensive introduction to integrated front-end electronics for radiation detectors, focusing on devices that capture individual particles or photons and are used in nuclear and high energy physics, space instrumentation, medical physics, homeland security, and related fields.

Labs on Chip: Principles, Design and Technology provides a complete reference for the complex field of labs on chip in biotechnology. Merging three main areas— fluid dynamics, monolithic micro- and nanotechnology, and out-of-equilibrium biochemistry—this text integrates coverage of technology issues with strong theoretical explanations of design Labs on Chip: Principles, Design and Technology provides a complete reference for the complex field Nanoscale techniques and devices have had an explosive influence on research in life sciences and bioengineering.

Reflecting this influence, Nanopatterning and Nanoscale Devices for Biological Applications provides valuable insight into the latest developments in nanoscale technologies for the study of biological systems. Written and edited by Nanoscale techniques and devices have had an explosive influence on research in life sciences and Topic Computer Performance Evaluation and Benchmarking.

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Performance analysis of microprocessors and computer architectures; impact of performance analysis on microprocessor design; techniques for analysis of architectural trade-offs; performance and power modeling; performance metrics; benchmarks, measurement tools, and techniques; simulation, challenges in full-system simulation; instruction profiling; trace generation; sampling; simulation points; analytical modeling; calibration of microprocessor performance models; workload characterization; benchmarks for emerging programming paradigms; synthetic benchmarks; statistical methods to compare alternatives; linear regression; and design of experiments.

Fundamental principles in computer architecture focusing on the hardware and the compiler, as well as developing an understanding of their interplay with each other and with usage and programming models. Development of several system families and follow common threads of identifying the intended users, system properties, and evaluation methodology through structured lectures, paper reading, discussions, and a collaborative project.

Case studies including PCs and workstations with general-purpose processors, large parallel systems, graphics processors, and more experimental architectures such as Stream Processing and transactional memory. Topic Embedded System Design and Modeling. Methods and techniques for formal specification, modeling, and system-level design of embedded systems; models of computation MoCs include concurrency, finite state machines FSMs , process networks, and dataflow; system-level design languages SLDLs and methodologies; system-level synthesis such as algorithms for partitioning, scheduling, and design space exploration; system refinement; virtual platform modeling such as system simulation and transaction-level modeling TLM ; hardware and software synthesis; system-level design tools and case studies.

Topic Code Generation and Optimization. Generate executable machine code understood by machines from program source code understood by programmers; program optimization for performance, energy efficiency and reliability; code generation and optimization for different types of hardware; runtime systems and just-in-time compilation. Additional prerequisite: Consent of Instructor. Topic Runtime Systems. Fundamentals of runtime systems; design, implementation, and optimization of emulation engines; interpreters; binary translators; dynamic binary optimization; high-level language virtual machines; co-designed virtual machines; system-level virtual machines; processor virtualization.

Additional prerequisite: Electrical Engineering N and S and consent of instructor. Three lecture hours a week for one semester, or as required by the topic May be repeated for credit when the topics vary. Vector space, Green's function; equivalence theorem; vector potentials; plane, cylindrical, and spherical waves; radiation and scattering. Prerequisite: Graduate standing in electrical engineering. Guided waves in cylindrical waveguides, microstrip lines, dielectric and optical waveguides; integrated circuits; periodic structures.

Intermediate electromagnetic field theory, with emphasis on the interaction of fields and material media, including anisotropic media. Prerequisite: Graduate standing in engineering, mathematics, chemistry, or physics. Topic 1: Fourier Optics. Fourier transforming properties of lenses, frequency analysis of optical imaging systems, spatial filtering, introduction to optical information processing and holography. Topic 3: Techniques of Laser Communications. Optical propagation in crystalline media, harmonic generation, frequency conversion, and modulation systems.

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Topic 4: Fiber and Integrated Optics I. Waveguiding in slabs, cylinders, and fibers. Optical fiber communications principles. Mode coupling. Guided-wave optical sources, modulators, and detectors. Principles and practices of guided-wave optical sensor technology.

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Nonlinear optical effects in fibers, including amplification and fiber lasers. Topic 6: Semiconductor Optoelectronic Devices. Semiconductor materials and nanomaterials growth. Light-matter interaction in bulk and nanostructures, including both band-to-band and intersubband transitions. Bandstructure in real-space and k-space.

Photonic devices and their design: light-emitting diodes LEDs , photodetectors, modulators, solar cells, and semiconductor lasers diode and quantum cascade. Additional prerequisites: Electrical Engineering , K, and , or their equivalents. Topic 8: Optical Communications. Concepts behind research and development in optical communications and optical interconnects.

Device physics and system applications. Advanced technology solutions and innovative manufacturing processes to deliver optical passive and active micro- and nanodevices that enable the deployment of short-haul and metropolitan area all-optical networks for communications and for sensing networks. Additional prerequisites: Electrical Engineering and , or their equivalent. Topic 1: Nanophotonics. The propagation of light in photonic crystals, plasmonic structures, and quantum dots; modified light-matter interaction at nanoscales, including emission, absorption, and scattering; evanescent tunneling; temporal coupled-mode theory.

Additional prerequisite: Electrical Engineering and K, or their equivalents. Prerequisite: Graduate standing and consent of instructor. Topic 1: Acoustics I. Plane waves in fluids; transient and steady-state reflection and transmission; lumped elements; refraction; strings, membranes, and rooms; horns; ray acoustics; absorption and dispersion. Topic 2: Acoustics II. Spherical and cylindrical waves, radiation and scattering, multipole expansions, Green's functions, waveguides, sound beams, Fourier acoustics, Kirchhoff theory of diffraction, and arrays.

Topic 3: Electromechanical Transducers. Modeling, analysis, and design of transducers for reception and transmission of acoustic and vibration signals; dynamics of coupled electrical, mechanical, and acoustical systems; and the effects of transducer characteristics on fidelity and efficiency of transduction. Topic 4: Nonlinear Acoustics. Waveform distortion and shock formation, harmonic generation and spectral interactions, effects of absorption and dispersion, parametric arrays, Rankine-Hugoniot relations, weak shock theory, numerical modeling, radiation pressure, and acoustic streaming.

Topic 5: Underwater Acoustics. Same as Mechanical Engineering N Topic 5. Acoustic properties of the ocean; acoustic propagation, reflection, reverberation, scattering and target strength; ocean noise; introduction to array and signal processing; basics of sonar design. Topic 6: Architectural Acoustics. Human perception of sound, principles of room acoustics, sound-absorptive materials, transmission between rooms, and acoustical design of enclosed spaces.

Topic 7: Ultrasonics. Acoustic wave propagation in fluids, elastic solids, and tissue; transducers, arrays, and beamforming; nondestructive evaluation; and acoustical imaging. Topic 8: Wave Phenomena.

Same as Mechanical Engineering N Topic 8. Fourier acoustics and angular spectra; nearfield acoustical holography; Fraunhofer, Fresnel, and parabolic approximations; sound beams; Green's functions; Born approximation; propagation and scattering in moving, periodic, and random media. Prerequisite: Graduate standing in engineering and consent of instructor. Topic 3: Bioelectric Phenomena.

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Examines the physiological bases of bioelectricity and the techniques required to record bioelectric phenomena both intracellularly and extracellularly; the representation of bioelectric activity by equivalent dipoles and the volume conductor fields produced. Topic 9: Laser-Tissue Interaction: Thermal. The thermal response of random media in interaction with laser irradiation. Calculation of the rate of heat production caused by direct absorption of the laser light, thermal damage, and ablation.

Topic Biosignal Analysis. Data acquisition and analysis procedures for biological signals, including computer applications. Topic Laser-Tissue Interaction: Optical. The optical behavior of random media such as tissue in interaction with laser irradiation. Approximate transport equation methods to predict the absorption and scattering parameters of laser light inside tissue. Port-wine stain treatment; cancer treatment by photochemotherapy; and cardiovascular applications. Design, testing, patient safety, electrical noise, biomedical measurement transducers, therapeutics, instrumentation electronics, microcomputer interfaces, and embedded systems.

Four structured laboratories and an individual project laboratory. Topic Imaging Signals and Systems. Same as Biomedical Engineering J Topic 3. Physical principles and signal processing techniques used in thermographic, ultrasonic, and radiographic imaging, including image reconstruction from projections such as CT scanning, MRI, and millimeter wave determination of temperature profiles. Additional prerequisite: Electrical Engineering R and consent of instructor.

Topic Optical Spectroscopy. Measurement and interpretation of spectra: steady-state and time-resolved absorption, fluorescence, phosphorescence, and Raman spectroscopy in the ultraviolet, visible, and infrared portions of the spectrum. Topic Therapeutic Heating. Same as Biomedical Engineering J Topic 5. Engineering aspects of electromagnetic fields that have therapeutic applications: diathermy short wave, microwave, and ultrasound , electrosurgery thermal damage processes , stimulation of excitable tissue, and electrical safety.

Topic Noninvasive Optical Tomography. Same as Biomedical Engineering J Topic 6. Basic principles of optical tomographic imaging of biological materials for diagnostic or therapeutic applications. Optical-based tomographic imaging techniques including photothermal, photoacoustic, and coherent methodologies. Topic Biomedical Instrumentation I. Same as Biomedical Engineering J Topic 1. Application of electrical engineering techniques to analysis and instrumentation in biological sciences: pressure, flow, temperature measurement; bioelectrical signals; pacemakers; ultrasonics; electrical safety; electrotherapeutics.

Topic Projects in Biomedical Engineering. An in-depth examination of selected topics, such as optical and thermal properties of laser interaction with tissue; measurement of perfusion in the microvascular system; diagnostic imaging; interaction of living systems with electromagnetic fields; robotic surgical tools; ophthalmic instrumentation; noninvasive cardiovascular measurements. Three lecture hours and six laboratory hours a week for one semester. The structure and function of the human brain. Discussion of selected neurological diseases in conjunction with normal neurophysiology.

Study of neuroprosthesis treatments and design philosophy, functional neural stimulation, and functional muscular stimulation. The interpretation of data from designed experiments and production processes. Topics include probability distributions, confidence intervals, analysis of variance, hypothesis testing, factorial designs, and quality control data.

Prerequisite: Graduate standing in engineering and a course in probability and statistics. Introduction to the technology-based company: entrepreneurship, intrapreneurship, strategic planning, finance, marketing, sales, operations, research and development, manufacturing, and management. Student teams form hypothetical companies and simulate their ventures over an extended period; presentations and reports are required.

Modern antenna systems for receiving and transmitting, including driven and parasitic arrays, horns, parabolic and other antennas. Fundamental computational modeling and analysis techniques for applications in antennas, microwave circuits, biomedical engineering, and geophysics. Emphasis on boundary-value problem formulation, numerical methods, computer implementation, and error quantification. Includes differential and integral equation-based methods for solving Maxwell's equations in frequency and time domains.

Fundamentals of radar, with an emphasis on electromagnetics and signal processing. Includes radar range equation, antennas, propagation and target scattering, matched filter, ambiguity function, waveform design, pulse compression, microwave imaging, synthetic aperture radar, and inverse synthetic aperture radar ISAR. Prerequisite: Graduate standing in engineering, physics, chemistry, or mathematics.

Topic 1: Introduction to Plasma Dynamics. Plasma properties, including collective effects, Debye shielding, quasineutrality, the plasma frequency, collisions. Single particle motions in electric and magnetic fields. Particle drifts, adiabatic invariants, cyclotron resonance.

Prerequisite: Graduate standing in electrical engineering, or graduate standing and consent of instructor. Topic 7: Power Electronic Devices and Systems. Topic 9: Power Quality. The study of electrical transients, switching surges, lightning, and other phenomena that cause deviations in hertz sinusoidal voltages and currents.

Topic Electromechanical Dynamics. Maxwell's equations and transient response of electrical machines. Topic Design of Electrical Machines. Electrical and mechanical design of electrical machines. Topic Intelligent Motion for Robotics and Control. Electric drives and machines used in computers, robotics, and biomedical applications; and special electric drives and machines used in industry and power systems.

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Includes magnetic circuits and magnetic materials; electromechanical energy conversion principles; rotating and linear machine concepts, including synchronous, induction, DC, and variable reluctance machines; Park's equations; vector and tensor control of induction motors; sensors, actuators, and microcontrollers; and electromagnetic levitation. Topic Electrical Transients in Power Systems. Analysis and modeling of electrical transient phenomena in power systems, traveling wave, insulation coordination, overvoltage protection.

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Locational marginal pricing LMP model of electricity markets. Includes market dispatch formulated as an optimization problem, unit commitment issues, and pricing rules and incentives in markets; energy- price and transmission-price risk hedging and energy network models; and revenue adequacy of financial transmission rights, a mixed-integer programming approach to unit commitment, the representation of voltage constraints into market models, and the design of electricity markets to mitigate market power.

Definition and analysis of market power, especially as an issue in the design and functioning of electricity markets. Focus on transmission constraints and offer-based markets that involve locational marginal pricing. Topic 1: Power System Engineering I.

Physical features, operational characteristics, and analytical models for major electric power systems and components. Advanced techniques for solving large power networks; load flow, symmetrical components, short circuit analysis. Topic 9: Wind Energy Systems.

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Wind resource characteristics and assessments; wind turbine technologies fixed and variable-speed turbines ; wind power transmission; integration and interconnection issues; and reliability impacts. Topic Distributed Generation Technologies. Distributed generation and microgrids elements; microsources; energy storage; power electronics interfaces; DC and AC architectures; economics, operation, stabilization, and control; reliability and availability aspects; interaction between microgrids and bulk power grids; and smart grids.

Additional prerequisite: Knowledge of fundamentals of power electronics and power systems, familiarity with modeling and simulation techniques, and knowledge of how to use professional publications. Topic Advanced Topics in Power Electronics. Modeling and analysis of DC-to-DC converters; analysis of switched systems; real components; power electronics converters for renewable and alternative energy generation and storage; maximum power point tracking; grid interaction; islanding; linear and nonlinear control methods in power electronics; and an introduction to reliability.