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At least in real sciences yet in psychology reality apparantly doesn't matter much and ideology is passed of as fact and half-baked hypothesis' as true or at least 'useful'. This only strengthens my opinion that psychology is largely a pseudo-science used to manipulate the gullible and provide an income for the leaders of the cult. I know a Zara that is a sociopath with borderline personality disorder and a misanthrope. Into self mutilation and tatoos. A 'fire dancer'. Are you that person?

What is the 'pseudoscience' that you believe in?

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I would like to read your intellectual musings on self-actualization and why you will live forever. Hi Neel. What i like about this discussion is that once you recognize what is holding you back, you can be more free and healthy. This is what ancient and modern religion or spirituality is talking about. I've used the basic model of the hierarchy to break through the barriers of the basic needs and realize that they are not necessarily needs. Some of my earliest memories of breaking the bottom of the pyramid were in military survival training where I had nothing but felt strangely at peace.

I would agree that the pyramid is too rigid and has it's flaws, but the basic idea works as a tool to help me see past our primal instincts. Do we accept the inevitable or lie to ourselves and miss the opportunity to touch 'zen'? Thanks for the article. Ask any duped husband. Has there ever been a great genius in the past i. The following article might give you a deep insight into what you are looking for.


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The Maslow's theory of the hierarchy of needs seems to be a good model of human motivation, but has majors inconsistencies when observing the modern real life aspect of it. Maslow's biggest disconnect for me comes from the order in which we are motivated and how we cannot have motivation for one unless the previous stages are met. In many cases females are known to consider another 's feeling before their own.

So, many females could skip the physical motivation step and go right to the security stage for others.

Also, his theory seems to lack scientific grounding. Various people throughout history continue to prove this wrong when showing motivation to put others needs in front of there own. I think Maslow's hierarchy of needs is completely reflecting the human needs. Step by step to confirm human desire for demand. Neel Burton, M. Back Psychology Today. Back Find a Therapist. Back Get Help.

Back Magazine. Subscribe Issue Archive. Back Today. When Should You Share a Secret? Neel Burton M. Follow me on Twitter. Friend me on Faceook. Our Hierarchy of Needs True freedom is a luxury of the mind. Find out why. Aristotle right : 'Courage is the first of human qualities because it is the quality which guarantees the others. Or you may find it useful to look at the detailed discussions in some of our related articles on Workplace Motivation.

Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs | Simply Psychology

Still pressed for time? Follow this link for the full list of Manage in a Minute pages. Encouraging fun at work can yield real benefits in the workplace, according to Adrian Gostick and Scott Christopher.


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  • They write Online store now open! Join the community Free eNewsletter Sign up to be the first in the know and receive "How to be a Happy Manager" Free when you sign-up to our newsletter! Name: Email:. Fun at work matters! Uncommon Leadership: how to build competitive advantage by thinking differently. Maslow Motivation Theory. The Maslow motivation theory is typically represented by 5 steps: Physiological needs — such as hunger, thirst and sleep Safety needs — such as security, protection from danger and freedom from pain.

    Social needs — sometimes also referred to as love needs such as friendship, giving and receiving love, engaging in social activities and group membership. Transcendence needs - A person is motivated by values which transcend beyond the personal self e. Instead of focusing on psychopathology and what goes wrong with people, Maslow formulated a more positive account of human behavior which focused on what goes right. He was interested in human potential, and how we fulfill that potential. Psychologist Abraham Maslow , stated that human motivation is based on people seeking fulfillment and change through personal growth.

    Self-actualized people are those who were fulfilled and doing all they were capable of. For Maslow, a person is always 'becoming' and never remains static in these terms. In self-actualization, a person comes to find a meaning to life that is important to them. As each individual is unique, the motivation for self-actualization leads people in different directions Kenrick et al. For some people self-actualization can be achieved through creating works of art or literature, for others through sport, in the classroom, or within a corporate setting.

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    Maslow believed self-actualization could be measured through the concept of peak experiences. This occurs when a person experiences the world totally for what it is, and there are feelings of euphoria, joy, and wonder. It is important to note that self-actualization is a continual process of becoming rather than a perfect state one reaches of a 'happy ever after' Hoffman, The specific form that these needs will take will of course vary greatly from person to person.

    In one individual it may take the form of the desire to be an ideal mother, in another it may be expressed athletically, and in still another it may be expressed in painting pictures or in inventions' Maslow, , p. Although we are all, theoretically, capable of self-actualizing, most of us will not do so, or only to a limited degree. Maslow estimated that only two percent of people would reach the state of self-actualization. He was especially interested in the characteristics of people whom he considered to have achieved their potential as individuals.

    By studying 18 people he considered to be self-actualized including Abraham Lincoln and Albert Einstein Maslow identified 15 characteristics of a self-actualized person. The characteristics of self-actualizers and the behaviors leading to self-actualization are shown in the list above.

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    Although people achieve self-actualization in their own unique way, they tend to share certain characteristics. However, self-actualization is a matter of degree, 'There are no perfect human beings' Maslow, a, p. It is not necessary to display all 15 characteristics to become self-actualized, and not only self-actualized people will display them. Maslow did not equate self-actualization with perfection.

    Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs

    Self-actualization merely involves achieving one's potential. Thus, someone can be silly, wasteful, vain and impolite, and still self-actualize. Less than two percent of the population achieve self-actualization. Maslow's hierarchy of needs theory has made a major contribution to teaching and classroom management in schools. Rather than reducing behavior to a response in the environment , Maslow a adopts a holistic approach to education and learning.

    Maslow looks at the complete physical, emotional, social, and intellectual qualities of an individual and how they impact on learning. Applications of Maslow's hierarchy theory to the work of the classroom teacher are obvious. Before a student's cognitive needs can be met, they must first fulfill their basic physiological needs. For example, a tired and hungry student will find it difficult to focus on learning. Students need to feel emotionally and physically safe and accepted within the classroom to progress and reach their full potential.

    Maslow suggests students must be shown that they are valued and respected in the classroom, and the teacher should create a supportive environment. Students with a low self-esteem will not progress academically at an optimum rate until their self-esteem is strengthened. Maslow , p. The most significant limitation of Maslow's theory concerns his methodology. Maslow formulated the characteristics of self-actualized individuals from undertaking a qualitative method called biographical analysis. He looked at the biographies and writings of 18 people he identified as being self-actualized.

    Abraham Maslow

    From these sources, he developed a list of qualities that seemed characteristic of this specific group of people, as opposed to humanity in general. From a scientific perspective , there are numerous problems with this particular approach. First, it could be argued that biographical analysis as a method is extremely subjective as it is based entirely on the opinion of the researcher.

    Personal opinion is always prone to bias, which reduces the validity of any data obtained. Therefore Maslow's operational definition of self-actualization must not be blindly accepted as scientific fact. Furthermore, Maslow's biographical analysis focused on a biased sample of self-actualized individuals, prominently limited to highly educated white males such as Thomas Jefferson, Abraham Lincoln, Albert Einstein, William James, Aldous Huxley, Beethoven.