New articles related to this author's research. Email address for updates. My profile My library Metrics Alerts. Sign in. Roman historiography Greek and Latin prose the classical tradition history of classical scholarship. Articles Cited by. International Journal of the Classical Tradition 15 2 , , International Journal of the Classical Tradition 15 4 , , Greek, Roman, and Byzantine Studies 51 1 , , Journal of Interdisciplinary History 47 1 , , Articles 1—20 Show more. Help Privacy Terms. Who's Anti-Roman? The" enemy" speaks: Oratory and criticism of empire in Roman historiography.
E Adler. Globalizing Roman Culture R. Hingley, A Gardner Britannia 38, , Rome, Season Two: Trial and Triumph. The Sussex dialect is a subset of the Southern English dialect group.
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Historically, there were three main variants to the dialect: west Sussex west of Shoreham and the river Adur , mid Sussex between the Adur and Hastings and east Sussex from Hastings eastwards. There were also differences between downland and Wealden communities. In particular, the people of the Weald were thought to have the most impenetrable accents. The Sussex dialect shows remarkable continuity: the three main dialect areas reflect the historic county's history. This is a bibliography of works by Rudyard Kipling, including books, short stories, poems, and collections of his works.
Puck of Pook's Hill
It was first published in paperback by Ballantine Books in October as the sixth volume of its Ballantine Adult Fantasy series. It was the first such anthology assembled by Carter for the series, issued simultaneously with the second, The Young Magicians. Many of the pieces are medieval in date, and none later than the 19th century. The anthology is a companion volume to Carter's subsequent Golden Cities, Far , which also collects early fantasies.
He was born in India, which inspired much of his work. He is regarded as a major innovator in the art of the short story; his children's books are classics of children's literature, and one critic described his work as exhibiting "a versatile and luminous narrative gift". A reduplicated plural is a grammatical form achieved by the superfluous use of a second plural ending.
In English the plural is usually formed with the addition of 's': e. In the Sussex dialect, however, until relatively recently there existed a reduplicated plural: e. References Parish, W. Tolkien for Edith Mary Bratt, his wife-to-be, which was published in Oxford poetry before being reprinted in anthologies such as The Book of Fairy Poetry : it thus marks Tolkien's first appearance in the capacity of a writer for children. Barbara Euphan Todd 9 January — 2 February was an English writer widely remembered for her ten books for children about a scarecrow called Worzel Gummidge.
These were adapted for radio and television. The title story was chosen as the first in the new publisher's series Puffin Books. Writings Much of her early work was published in magazines such as Punch and The Spectator, but she also wrote two volumes of poems about children, illustrated by Ernest Shepard: Hither and Thither and The Seventh Daughter King Henry I of England has been portrayed in various cultural media.
The latter being a prominent character. Features both Henry I and Robert Curthose. Video of a caged orange-winged amazon saying "Hello" having been prompted by visitors. Talking birds are birds that can mimic the speech of humans. There is debate within the scientific community over whether some talking parrots also have some cognitive understanding of the language. Birds have varying degrees of talking ability: some, like the corvids, are able to mimic only a few words and phrases, while some budgerigars have been observed to have a vocabulary of almost 2, words.
The hill myna, a common pet, is well known for its talking ability and its relative, the European starling, is also adept at mimicry.
The bird which he called Bittacus, may have been a plum-headed parakeet. The title comes from Kipling's poem of the same name. The Picts, the people of eastern Scotland in the medieval Scotland, have frequently been represented in literature and popular culture. Howard wrote extensively about his romanticized version of the Picts, especially in his short stories revolving around the fictional character Bran Mak Morn, but also in many other of his stories.
In his Conan the Barbarian series, the Picts are described as very similar in culture to the indigenous peoples of the Northeastern Woodlands, especially the Iroquois or Wyandot. A fairy also fata, fay, fey, fae, fair folk; from faery, faerie, "realm of the fays" is a type of mythical being or legendary creature in European folklore and particularly Celtic, Slavic, German, English, and French folklore , a form of spirit, often described as metaphysical, supernatural, or preternatural.
Myths and stories about fairies do not have a single origin, but are rather a collection of folk beliefs from disparate sources. Various folk theories about the origins of fairies include casting them as either demoted angels or demons in a Christian tradition, as minor deities in pre-Christian Pagan belief systems, as spirits of the dead, as prehistoric precursors to humans, or as elementals. The label of fairy has at times applied only to specific magical creatures with human appearance, small stature, magical powers, and a penchant for trickery.
At other times it has been used to describe any magical creature, such as goblins and gnomes. Fairy has at times been used as an adjective, with a mea. He was the principal founder in of the John Evelyn Club, now known as the Wimbledon Society, and was its secretary until It had a stone base and a stone wall. There were milecastles with two turrets in between. There was a fort about every five Roman miles. From north to south, the wall comprised a ditch, wall, military way and vallum, another ditch with adjoining mounds.
It is thought the milecastles were staffed with static garrisons, whereas the forts had fighting garrisons of infantry and cavalry. In addition to the wall's defensive military role, its gates may have been customs posts. Diana Wynne Jones 16 August — 26 March was a British writer of fantasy novels for children and adults. She wrote a small amount of non-fiction. Fiction This list follows the Internet Speculative Fiction Database in grouping many works in five fiction series.
There is some overlap in listings. The village lies on the Romney Marsh, three miles 4. The population of the civil parish includes Snave. The place-name 'Brenzett' is first attested in the Domesday Book of , where it appears as Brensete. The name is thought to mean 'burnt house' in Old English. Whilst Brenzett is a busy transport hub, it has surrendered its public house Fleur de Lis ,. Poor little birdie teased, by the 19th-century English illustrator Richard Doyle.
Traditional English fairytales depicting elves, fairies and pixies are set on a "Merrie England" setting of woodland and cottage gardens. More broadly, it connotes a putative essential Englishness with nostalgic overtones, incorporating such cultural symbols as the thatched cottage, the country inn and the Sunday roast. It is very near to The Ridgeway, an ancient road running along the Berkshire Downs. Archaeologists have established that the monument was built by pastoralist communities shortly after the introduction of agriculture to Britain from continental Europe.
THE CULTURE SHOCKS OF RUDYARD KIPLING, by W. J. Lohman, Jr. (Book Review) - ProQuest
Although representing part of an architectural tradition of long barrow building that was widespread across Neolithic Europe, Wayland's Smithy belongs to a localised regional variant of barrows produced in the south-west of Britain, now known as the Severn-Cotswold group. Of these, it is in one of the best surviving conditions. Its present appearance is the result of restoration following excavations undertaken by Stuart Piggott and Richard Atkinson in — They demonstrated that the site had been bui. Contemporary fantasy, also known as modern fantasy or indigenous fantasy, is a subgenre of fantasy, set in the present day or, more accurately, the time period of the maker.
It is perhaps most popular for its subgenre, urban fantasy.
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Strictly, supernatural fiction can be said to be part of contemporary fantasy - since it has fantasy elements and is set in a contemporary setting. In practice, however, supernatural fiction is a well-established genre in its own right, with its own distinctive conventions. Definition and overview Fritz von Uhde's lateth-century series of paintings, depicting Jesus Christ appearing in the homes of realistically-drawn working class German families of the painter's time, can be considered a kind of pictorial contemporary fantasy.
These terms are used to describe stories set in the putative real world often referred to as consensus reality in contemporary times, in which magic and magical creatures exist but are not commonly seen or understood as such, either living in t. Columba converting the Picts to Christianity, by the 19thC artist William Hole Many writers have been drawn to the idea of the Picts and created fictional stories and mythology about them in the absence of much real data.
This romanticised view tends to portray them as sometimes wearing the modern Kilt or as noble savages, much as the view of Europeans on Native Americans in the 18th century.
Puck of Pook's Hill - Illustrated by Arthur Rackham has been added
The usage of the word Pict Popular etymology has long interpreted the name Pict as if it derived from the Latin the word Picti meaning "painted folk" or possibly "tattooed ones"; and this may relate to the Welsh word Pryd meaning "to mark" or "to draw". Julius Caesar, who never went near Pictland, mentions the British Celtic custom of body painting in Book V of his Gallic Wars, stating "Omnes vero se Britanni vitro inficiunt, quod caeruleum efficit colorem, atque hoc horridiores sunt in pugna aspectu" "In fact all Britanni stain themselves with vitrum, which produces a dark blue colour, and by this means they.
The creatures were said to be shape changers which could take the appearance of horses, goats, cats, dogs, and hares. They may also take a human form, which includes various animal features, such as ears or a tail. For instance, in Welsh mythology it is named the pwca and in Cornish the Bucca. Pevensey is a village and civil parish in the Wealden district of East Sussex, England.
The settlement of Pevensey Bay forms part of the parish. It was here that William the Conqueror made the landing in his invasion of England in after crossing the English Channel from Normandy, France. In Roman times this spur was a peninsula that projected into a tidal lagoon and marshes. A small river, Pevensey Haven, runs along the north side of the peninsula and would originally have discharged into the lagoon, but is now largely silted up. With the effect of longshore drift this large bay was gradually cut off from the sea by shingle, so that today's marshes are all that remain behind the shingle beach.
The marshes, kno. The Macdonald sisters were four Scottish women born during the 19th century, notable for their marriages to well-known men. Biographies There were 11 children in the MacDonald family: seven daughters and four sons. Mary — was the firstborn; followed by Henry — , nicknamed Harry, who introduced his younger sisters Georgiana and Agnes to his artistic friends, known as the Birmingham Set a group of artists which included William Morris ; then Alice; Caroline — ; Georgiana; Frederic William — ; Agnes; Louisa; Walter ; Edith — , who never married and lived at home until her mother's death; and Herbert — Alice — was born on 4 April in Sheffield.
Sir Andrew Barton c. He gained notoriety as a privateer, making raids against Portuguese ships. He was killed in battle and memorialised in English and Scottish folk songs. Andrew became notorious in England and Portugal as a 'pirate', though as a seaman who operated under the aegis of a letter of marque on behalf of the Scottish crown, he may be described as a privateer. John's ships had been attacked by Portuguese vessels when he was trading at Sluis in Flanders. One of Gerald Gardner's earliest Books of Shadows. A Book of Shadows is a book containing religious text and instructions for magical rituals found within the Neopagan religion of Wicca, and in many pagan practices.
One famous Book of Shadows was created by the pioneering Wiccan Gerald Gardner sometime in the late s or early s, and which he utilised first in his Bricket Wood coven and then in other covens which he founded in following decades. The Book of Shadows is also used by other Wiccan traditions, such as Alexandrianism and Mohsianism, and with the rise of books teaching people how to begin following Wicca in the s onward, the idea of the Book of Shadows was then further propagated amongst solitary practitioners unconnected to earlier traditions.
Initially, when Wicca was still dominated by covens, "only one copy [of the Book] existed for an entire coven, kept by the high priestess or high priest. That rule has proved unfeasible, and it is [now] commonplace for all Witches to have their ow. Its history dates from before the 8th century BC and it has substantial structures from the Etruscan, Roman, and Medieval periods. Oil on wood. Pinacoteca Comunale di Volterra. Literature of the 20th century refers to world literature produced during the 20th century to In terms of the Euro-American tradition, the main periods are captured in the bipartite division, Modernist literature and Postmodern literature, flowering from roughly to and to  respectively, divided, as a rule of thumb, by World War II.
The somewhat malleable term of contemporary literature is usually applied with a post cutoff point. Although these terms modern, contemporary and postmodern are most applicable to Western literary history, the rise of the globalization has allowed European literary ideas to spread into non-Western cultures fairly rapidly, so that Asian and African literatures can be included into these divisions with only minor qualifications.
And in some ways, such as in Postcolonial literature, writers from non-Western cultures were on the forefront of literary development. Technological advances during the 20th century allowed cheaper production of bo. Harold Robert Millar — was a prominent and prolific Scottish graphic artist and illustrator of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. He is best known for his illustrations of children's books and fantasy literature.
He then studied at the Wolverhampton Art School and the Birmingham School of Art, and established his career as a magazine illustrator with Punch, Good Words, and other periodicals of the day. Knight's Fee is a children's historical novel written by Rosemary Sutcliff, first published in It is set in and around the South Downs in England, near the towns of Steyning and Arundel in West Sussex and covers the period , some years after the Norman conquest of England in Plot summary The title comes from 'knight's fee', a feudal system term used for a manor or land holding held by a knight, in return for providing military support to an overlord.
The novel is set in the same general location as Sutcliff's Warrior Scarlet and the plot contains several references to this earlier work. As with many of her books, it was illustrated by Charles Keeping. Remains of Bramber Castle, which appears in the novel The central figure is Randall, orphan son of a Breton soldier and Saxon mother who works as a dog-boy in Arundel Castle.
Typical example of downland dew pond near Chanctonbury Ring, West Sussex. Dew ponds are used in areas where a natural supply of surface water may not be readily available. The name dew pond sometimes cloud pond or mist pond is first found in the Journal of the Royal Agricultural Society in Arthur Rackham 19 September — 6 September was an English book illustrator. He is recognized as one of the leading literary figures during the Golden Age of British book illustration. His work is noted for its robust pen and ink drawings, which were combined with the use of watercolour.
Rackham's 51 color pieces for the Early American tale became a turning point in the production of books since - through color-separated printing - it featured the accurate reproduction of color artwork. Biography Rackham was born in Lewisham, then still part of Kent, as one of 12 children. In , at the age of 17, he was sent on an ocean voyage to Australia to improve his fragile health, accompanied by two aunts. The title comes from Kipling's poem, My Boy Jack. In the Commonwealth War Graves Commission claimed to have identified his body.
However, Tonie and Valmai Holt authors of the s. It relates to the unwisdom of paying "Danegeld", or what is nowadays called blackmail and protection money. In , small companies of Danish adventurers carried out a series of coastline raids against England. The Laigle family was a Norman family that derived from the town of L'Aigle, on the southeastern borders of the Duchy of Normandy. They first appear during the rule of Duke Richard II of Normandy, in the early 11th century, and they would hold L'Aigle for the Norman Dukes and Kings of England until the first half of the 13th century, when with the fall of Normandy to the French crown the last of the line was forced to abandon the ancestral French lands, only to die in England a few years later without surviving English heirs.
Their position on the borderlands, and near the headwaters of three rivers, the Risle, Iton and Avre, gave their small holding a special importance, as did a set of marriage connections that provided this relatively minor Norman noble family with a more elevated historical visibility. First American edition, Frontispiece: They saw a small, brown