The tools and strategies offered draw on the success of the world-renowned Toyota Production System TPS adapted to the construction environment by construction professionals and researchers involved in developing and advocating lean construction methods. The book also discusses why true lean construction can best occur when all the construction stakeholders, owners, designers, constructors, and material suppliers are committed to the concept of optimizing the flow of activities holistically while de-emphasizing their self-interest.
The authors also reintroduce process improvement approaches such as TQM and Six Sigma as a foundation for the adoption of lean methodologies, and demonstrate how these methods can improve projects in a so-called traditional environment. The book integrates these methods with emerging interest in "green construction" and the use of information technology and Building Information Modeling BIM , while recognizing the human element in relation to motivation, safety, and environmental stresses.
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Written specifically for professionals in an industry that desperately needs to play catch up, the book delineates cutting-edge approaches with the benefit of successful cases and explains how their deployment can improve construction performance and competitiveness. We provide complimentary e-inspection copies of primary textbooks to instructors considering our books for course adoption. Stay on CRCPress. Exclusive web offer for individuals on all book.
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Preview this Book. Forbes, Syed M. Add to Wish List. Close Preview. Toggle navigation Additional Book Information. Description Table of Contents Reviews. Summary During the past several decades, the manufacturing and service industries significantly increased their levels of productivity, quality, and profitability through the application of process improvement techniques and information technology. Reviews " Request an e-inspection copy.
Why Project Management?
Share this Title. Recommend to Librarian. Software companies, for example, create Agile teams to rapidly adjust their offerings to new challenges like emerging platforms and operating system updates. For those of you not raving rugby fans, a scrum is a tangle of heavy people who strain against each other to acquire a small, oblong, whitish ball.
As business managers find such behavior undesirable in production teams, they employ the Scrum method of project management.
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By re-prioritizing their efforts each month to meet consumer demand, they can stay flexible and motivated — increasing both productivity and customer satisfaction! Dev teams often apply the popular Scrum variation of Agile Project Management. Managers find Scrum easy to implement and very effective in addressing issues affecting software development teams. Team members enjoy the way Scrum helps them untangle complex development cycles, redefine end goals during a project cycle, and get quality products to market very quickly.
The ScrumMaster despite their impressive-sounding title does not take on the title of manager or team leader. This person oversees the Scrum process, not the job itself. This person, either a key user or a marketing expert, gives the team a consistent vision of their initial goal: to meet customer needs. Teams meet daily to discuss their completed work and identify any roadblocks to further progress.
The Scrum Master agrees to deal with these roadblocks; the Product Owner collaborates with the team to optimize product targeting. The Scrum Method works best for small teams that work together in one environment and focus on only one project at a time. Scrum works especially well when teams have substantial support from upper management, in the form of open financial and time budgets. This method relied on Kanban cards, which indicate the need to reorder certain supplies. Many managers consider Kanban a Lean Manufacturing system because it eliminates wasted time and resources.
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Many project managers use Kanban concepts in conjunction with Agile methods. This idea replaces the traditional method of producing large amounts of products and warehousing them in anticipation of an estimated demand. In a software development setting, this idea of customer demand powering a system fits hand in glove with Agile. In the workplace, Kanban teams originally visualized their workflow as cards moving from left to right across a Kanban board. They grouped tasks and projects into broad categories:. By engaging visually with their workflow, team members and managers can easily estimate and prioritize upcoming tasks.
Even people who work independently find this PM method useful. Like all Agile systems, Extreme Programming focuses on teamwork and customer satisfaction. It features five basic tenets:. These shorter cycles allow them to maintain rigid task structures. The EP methodology mandates specific engineering practices such as test-driven product development, automated testing, simple and elegant design, refactoring, etc. Experts recommend teams begin with Scrum and adopt EP slowly as they determine their own best practices and engineering protocols. In this model, clients work directly with Agile teams and select the exact features they need in finished products.
Consumers appreciate not having to accept products that meet some, but not all, of their needs. Another project management methodology preferred by software development teams, the Rapid Application Development model facilitates interaction via certain, structured techniques.
RAD teams create prototypes to determine user needs and redefine their designs. They repeat this cycle many times throughout the development process to optimize product quality and user experience. These nimble organizations often re-use components of other software systems to focus on immediate customer demands. RAD managers focus on consumer data gathered from focus groups and workshops to rapidly deliver desirable products. RAD teams excel at light applications and rapid development cycles. Business leaders use the NPI methodology to focus on certain steps of a task, not the management of entire projects.
Instead, they focus on communication with all stakeholders in a project — both inside and outside of an organization. The NPI project management strategy works best for product-based teams because NPI managers shepherd single products through their entire development process. These managers create teams from all sectors of an organization involved in creating a new product.
With their teams, they guide and shape a product all the way through to its launch.
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Project leaders use the PER project management methodology to redesign a product or system from the ground up. PER managers help organizations stay true to their commitment to growth with regular reviews of the modification process. They create and maintain corporate cultures of innovation and help their colleagues let go of old ways of doing things.
With the potent PER method, companies can change rapidly to address changes in consumer demand and maximize their returns on investment. Used by the U. The Motorola company originally developed the highly-disciplined Six Sigma system to eliminate defects. They wanted their products and services to conform completely to their original specifications throughout the entire design, production, and delivery process. Some experts consider Six Sigma more of a quality-control and apparatus than a true project management methodology, due to its focus on gathering data and improving processes.
Companies typically use this method to increase efficiency, raise productivity, and deliver uniform products to consumers. They use this data-driven method to improve, optimize, and stabilize their designs, processes, and systems. Many charitable organizations which bundle large donations into grants for developing countries use this system. With the Outcome Mapping PM methodology, charities can measure the effects of their efforts on secondary beneficiaries. They take care to ensure that the recipients of large grants create benefits for large groups of people and facilitate positive behavior changes.
Outcome mapping works best for groups that contribute to others instead of creating products and services. Organizations outside the philanthropy sector rarely use this PM methodology. Others consider it more of a reference book. Your tools must match your aims and strategies. Consider the following attributes of your current and desired PM software:. The companies that developed your PM software platform probably shaped it to suit a particular strategy.
Check with your software platform provider to see what management strategies work best with their systems — and which variants especially of Agile they support. You and your team will love the smooth workflow that comes from matching the right software and the right PM methodologies with the right people! And keep in mind: Toggl integrates with most project management software out there, so check out our tools page and start tracking your time from within the PM software of your choice.
Project Management Waterfall Project Management. Business leaders have created many varieties of this PM methodology, but remain consistent with these general components: Specification of Consumer Requirements Concept, Design, and Planning Creation of a Physical Product Construction, Coding, etc. Product Installation Ongoing Maintenance The Waterfall method best suits teams in manufacturing and construction that create physical products and follow precise assembly orders.
Instead of getting overwhelmed by this wealth of options,earn the highlights of each and make an informed choice for your business. Agile Project Management. They created a new way to deliver value to and interact with consumers that featured four key aspects: Project managers must value individual interactions over systems and tools. Software should work well and not require extensive documentation. Teams and customers should collaborate, not haggle over contracts. Companies must prioritize responsiveness over rigid adherence to plans. Agile Project Management: Scrum.